The word from medieval Latin baccalarius derived in French bachelier, which later came to Spanish as bachelor. The concept is used to name the subject that is studying or what have completed studies of the education secondary.
Continuing with its etymology, this word was used to name the gentlemen who had a rank middle, finding himself between the squires and the knights. The gentlemen were the people who dispatched the monarch with a relevant document to communicate some news related to a positive event, such as the arrival of a squad or the taking of a square.
As the gentlemen did not have the possibility of raising a company on their own account, they worked under a knight, whose orders they obeyed with the help of their vassals. In England, the term bachelor made reference to official young man who had been awarded the golden spur as a result of a distinguished first action.
According to the research work of the Catalan writer Vicenç Joaquín Bastús i Carrera, the French term bachelier may have been derived from the expression bas chevalier, which translates as “low gentleman.” Another possibility refers to bay berries, which are related to the word bachalaureatus, and this is because it was customary to place a Crown of laurel to those who reached this degree.
There are several other possible etymologies, which are collected from Provençal, Italian, medieval Latin and Latin used in the North of Spain and the South of France, and among the concepts to which they refer are «vassal», «ranch of cattle “and” staff “(the latter due to the fact that the gentlemen used batons during their military training). We must bear in mind that some of these words date back several centuries, and for this reason it is very difficult to draw clear lines about the evolution that each one has gone through and the relationship that they may have had between them.
In ancient times, a bachelor was one who had reached the first academic degree that granted the universities. This use dates back to medieval times; there is evidence of the use of this title in the thirteenth century to recognize the students of a faculty who had reached the aforementioned level. Pope Gregory IX drew the differences between the bachelor, the graduate and the doctor.
Today, in countries such as Bolivia, Argentina, Cuba, Colombia and Mexico, the notion is also used with reference to the baccalaureate: the academic degree and the studies of secondary education that precede other superiors (tertiary or university).
Although there are differences according to countryIn a general sense, it can be said that bachelor is the student who is studying a baccalaureate and the graduate who obtained said academic title. In any case, the idea of high school can refer to various grades or levels.
In Argentina, by exampleOriented secondary education includes various specializations. A student who completes five years of high school can become a Bachelor of Social Sciences with a Specialization in Communication and Education, to cite one case.
In the system Mexican educational system, upper secondary education is known as baccalaureate. It is a stage that lasts two or three years and prepares the bachelor to access higher education.
Spain, for its part, has baccalaureate degrees that students who completed compulsory secondary education (THAT). These baccalaureates last two years and are pre-university: once the bachelor has completed this training, is entitled to enter a university (passing the corresponding entrance test) or a higher degree training cycle.