What was the Bayonet Constitution?


What was the Bayonet Constitution?


The Bayonet Constitution is the act by which King David Kalakua signs the new Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaiian. The IS terms the uprising of 1887 saw the transfer of power to local Elites and entry into the United States. In short, the monarchy ended in 1893 due to the abolition. This event was named for the use of weapons during the establishment of the document.


In the summer of 1887, a revolt of opposition forces known as the Honolulu Rifles took place in Hawaii. The initiator and leader of these forces was the Hawaiian League, which consisted mainly of various American, English and Hawaiian entrepreneurs. Most of their business was in sugar and fruit extraction on the islands. During the meeting, between the parties to the conflict, demands were advanced for the transfer of a significant portion of authority and the writing of a constitution. Also, the major powers of the world supported the demands of the rebels at the time. The king signed the Constitution on July 6, 1887, foreshadowing forever the history of Hawaii in relation to the United States.

The main goal of the creation of the Bayonet Constitution was to transform Hawaii by introducing the legislative innovations of those times. The main one was the transfer of legal power from the ruler to the circle of ministers at the head of the legislature. Voting qualification was also introduced, implying that only individuals with a specific financial income and a national initiative could participate in the elections. Indigenous Americans, Britons and Hawaiians, and resident foreigners were considered eligible to vote. A significant percentage of the Asian population was astonished in their rights because, by law, they were denied the right to vote. Also, the new constitution introduced strict censorship of any criticism of the new government.

One of the few rights left to the king was the opportunity to appoint a finance minister. The new government of the kingdom of Hawaii was much like a dictator’s regime. Embracing the institutions of the parliamentary elections and involving their people, the new leaders saw every effort to create an opposition movement. Many residents, in particular, those who could not vote under the new laws, supported the king, and demanded that a new constitution be written. Fearing the brutal assassination, the king did not dare to speak out against the ruling elite. Later, during the voter survey, the Queen decided to write a new constitution. The result of this decision was that the monarchs were completely overthrown by the Prayers in 1893. Hawaii was later captured by the United States in 1898and after half a century, they entered.

The significance of the Bayonet Constitution was that this was the first irrevocable step towards the abolition of the monarchy in Hawaii. Along with the Western monarchies, businessmen came to power at some point and changed the form of government during the riot. Their main reasons were to reduce the tax burden, increase the number of rights for entrepreneurs, and the desire to join the fast-growing United States. The association was initially negative to the new laws because of the separation of the majority of the public from the political life of the country. However, the multiplicity of views and opinions in the legislation has made it possible to develop this system and become more flexible taking into account the population of the country.

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