What does the Atkinson-Shiffrin model state?


What does the Atkinson-Shiffrin model state?


The Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model is also called the multi-story memory model. This model assumes that there are three distinct but sequentially linked memory systems, such as sensory, short – term, and long – term.


The IS Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model the short-term memory section is said to be an integral part of memory acquisition and storage. Sensory stimuli are shipping impressions as visual elements or sounds in sensory memory. Short-term memory contains a limited set of recently detected stimuli such as a telephone number or a lunch menu.

Long-term memory stores more or more permanent memories that are recovered for reuse. Each of these memory systems differs in the way information is processed, the amount of information stored and the duration of its storage.

Thus, the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model assumes three types or blocks of memory, namely sensory programming, short-term memory, and long-term memory. The model is an attempt to solve problems such as in what form the information is stored in memory, what are the possible transformations of the information presented in different forms, and how the information is extracted from memory.

It is assumed that the information enters the memory system from the external environment through parallel layers of short-term sensory memory programs, and then enters general short-term storage. It is believed that general short-term memory acts like working memory, that is, it is able to work with information and transfer it to long-term storage. In the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model, short-term storage is the main link, as without it new information cannot be assimilated or old reproduced. Atkinson and Shiffrin did not view these repositories as distinct psychological structures, but as a hypothetical, mental model that helps to understand memory function.

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