The word “Japan” has its origin in the term Nippon, whose literal translation in Spanish is “The origin of the sun”. Therefore, the official and original name of the Japanese nation is Nippon-koku, that is to say, “The country of origin of the sun”.
It is an island country located in East Asia, between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of japan. If you look at a map, you can see it to the east of the Chinese territory, Russia and the peninsula of Korea. Japan comprises more than 3,000 islands and has the tenth largest population on the planet since it is made up of around 127 million individuals.
Tokyo, the capital of the aforementioned country, is designated as the largest urban portion in the world in terms of population since it exceeds 30 million inhabitants.
Since it adopted its constitution of 1947, Japan maintains as a form of government a constitutional monarchy, with a emperor and an elected parliament (the Diet).
Today, Japan stands out worldwide as one of the most powerful economic powers and a leading nation on issues related to technological development. The country is involved with organizations such as G8, G4, the United Nations and APEC.
Japan has been progress on economic issues. Specialists attribute the success to the control over imports, the large investment carried out in the interior of the country and the strong export policy promoted by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry. This combination of factors has allowed Japan to have a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) superior to $ 5 trillion annually.
On the other hand, it should be noted that Japan is the second country with higher income equity per capita. Furthermore, Japan is said to be one of the kindest, most polite and helpful societies in the world; and it has, on the other hand, very beautiful places to spend the summer, where to practice diving, attend traditional festivals, among other magnificent options.
History and art in Japan
The Japanese people have suffered greatly throughout history, sometimes for natural causes, such as earthquakes (Fukushima 2011) that have devastated the country and others caused, like the atomic bomb (Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945), which destroyed an important part of society and which meant an indelible mark in the history of this country. Despite this, Japan has an amazing attitude of work and commitment and always knows how to recover, no matter how strong the falls. Possibly because “The land of the rising sun will always emerge from its ashes and rubble, to once again become the greatest power in the world”.
Japan has received for the formation of its culture contact with the chinese and korean culture and also to their relations with the West, and they are also responsible for the massacres committed on their part against the civilizations of Korea, China and Manchuria, and the Second World War.
The history of this country is divided into seven ages: prehistoric (senshi), protohistoric (genshi), ancient (kodai), medieval (chûsei), premodern (kinsei), modern (kindai), and contemporary (gendai) and each in turn is divided into more specific periods.
Regarding the art From this country, it has religious, ceremonial roots and characteristics and a marked respect for nature, which can be clearly seen in landscape paintings that has a lyrical and contemplative tinge.
The buddhism whose origin is in India, spreading throughout the Asian continent, reached Japan, where it was adopted by many citizens. It is intimately connected with the earliest works of art in Japan and possibly that is why art in this country has such a mystical and spiritual essence.
The Japanese people have great respect for their ancient culture, and although the common features of the town are modified over the centuries, the essence does not change, what gave life to the emergence of this town and in art is not destroyed, even today a common modifier can be noticed with the traditions, love for nature and for life.