The Vatican is a microstate found inside Rome, the capital of Italy. It is, therefore, a enclave: a Condition that it is totally surrounded by the territory of another State. When the term is written with a lowercase initial (Vatican), refers to the name of this nation.
A surface 44 hectares, the Vatican is he country smallest in the world. It is also one of the least populated, with a number of inhabitants that does not reach a thousand.
The importance of Vatican in the international context is that it houses the Holy See, which is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Dad. The Catholic ChurchIn this way, it is based on the Vatican territory.
The Vatican is a theocracy since his head of state is the Dad. In this European country there is no democracy: its inhabitants do not elect the rulers. The Vatican can also be considered an absolute monarchy because the Dad it brings together the control of the executive, legislative and judicial powers.
Another name that can be given to the Vatican is that of microstate, and in this context it is one of the six that exist in the territory European. A microstate, also called ministateIt can be defined as a sovereign state with a reduced territory, a small number of inhabitants, or both characteristics at the same time.
Microstates exist in various parts of the world; To name just a few of them, we have Cape Verde, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, Singapore, Micronesia, Palestine, Monaco and Andorra.
For the United Nations General Assembly, microstates do not go unnoticed, since they can also vote. The Vatican belongs to one of the four areas of the planet in which microstates can be found; the others are Oceania, the Indian Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Among the main tourist attractions of the Vatican, are the Basilica of Saint Peter (the Catholic church with the largest internal surface), the St. Peter’s Square (located next to Basilica), the Vatican Apostolic Palace (which functions as the official residence of the Dad) and the Vatican Museums (housing a large number of works by art).
When studying the etymology of the Vatican term we find the homonymous mount, which probably received its name from the Latin term vaticinium, which can be translated as «prophecy‘Or’ prediction ‘, or prediction, “Prophecy.”
This may be because this hill used to house an oracle of Etruscan origin, but it is also attributed to the existence of a town called Vaticum.
Although many do not know it, the Vatican is not very old: it was created in 1929. It all started on February 11 with the signing of the Covenants Lateran by Pietro Gasparri (Italian prelate, diplomat and jurist, representing the Holy See) and Benito Mussolini (at that time, prime minister with a dictatorial character).
This event took place throughout the pontificate of Pius XI, and put an end to a dispute that had existed for almost six decades. Thus was born the Vatican, with its 44 hectares, and was recognized as a state sovereign. Since then and until 2016, there have been eight popes: Pius XI, Pius XII, John XXIII, Paul VI, John Paul I, John Paul II, Benedict XVI Y Francisco. The first five were of Italian origin, while John Paul II was Polish, Benedict XVI was German, and Francisco is Argentine.
As a curiosity, it is worth mentioning that the Vatican have a soccer team composed mostly of members of the Switzerland guard, who is in charge of the security of the nation. The Vatican team, however, is not affiliated with the FIFA.