The term pressure It has many meanings, some of them linked to the legal and law sector. We will now go on to explain each one of them, taking into account what is stated in the RAE dictionary.
In the first place, the concept refers to the action and effect of pressing; Said verb is synonymous with squeezing, oppressing or compelling someone by having some kind of authority over him. It can serve to force someone to hurry with a certain thing.
In the field of right, has several uses, among which it is worth highlighting:
*Surcharge of contributions or taxes after the delay in a payment. According to what certain laws dictate, the judicial authority can order a fine for a prolonged non-payment.
*Order of judicial authority to compel a payment. The judicial authority has the ability to compel a person to make the payment of a certain amount or the fulfillment of another obligatory act by way of constraint.
It is important to point out that this judicial procedure is launched when, after the issuance of an administrative act that establishes an obligation on someone, it does not comply. Then, the authority must take enforcement measures that generally consist of the imposition of a fine or the seizure of the defendant’s assets.
In Roman law, it was known as individual constraint a form of personal guarantee that consisted in the bodily submission of the debtor to his creditor. In this way, when the debtor did not fulfill his obligations, the creditor could force you to work for him until the debt was paid, which was a form of slavery since the rules and working conditions were set by the creditor and the debtor could not refuse to comply religiously with it.
Illegal constraints: legal figure
In some countries, such as Argentina, there is a legal entity known under the name of illegal constraints. It is linked to crimes committed by public officials that attempt against the individual freedom of some citizen. If an official abuses his authority, failing to comply with the formalities dictated by the laws and imposes torture or torment on a citizen in order to obtain any benefit, incurs the crime of illegal constraints.
These kinds of faults have appeared repeatedly throughout history. Being a recent example, the multiple trials carried out against members of the armed forces, accused by the kidnapping and disappearance of people during successive military dictatorships that took place in Argentine territory. Many of these trials concluded with the conviction of the accused, and others with a pardon for not being able to reliably prove the facts that were charged against them.
It should be mentioned that this accusation is usually one of the most frequent in trials against executives and members of the different security forces of the countriesHowever, in other territories it receives other names. And that in many countries, given the great affinity that exists between the leaders of governments and the national armed forces, there is a constant cover-up of these crimes, which makes it more difficult for citizens to collect conclusive evidence, since they they are systematically erased or canceled.
The crime of illegal coercion is one of the most serious because it exposes the failures of the leaders, and can lead to a weakening of power or the democratic system that supports it; For this reason, under the argument of ensuring democracy, crimes and criminal acts of considerable gravity are allowed to pass. Added to this, in many places the judicial system also defends its own interests, which are generally linked to those of the politicians themselves.