The teaching is the action and effect of teaching (instruct, indoctrinate and train with rules or precepts). Its about system and method of giving instruction, formed by the set of knowledge, principles and ideas that are taught to someone.

Teaching involves the interaction of three elements: the teacher, teacher or teacher; the pupil or student; and the knowledge object. The encyclopedic tradition assumes that the teacher is the source of knowledge and the student, a simple unlimited receiver of it. Under this conception, the teaching process is the transmission of knowledge from the teacher to the student, through various means and techniques.


Teaching usually involves the transmission of knowledge from one person to another.

However, for current currents such as cognitive, the teacher is a facilitator of knowledge, acts as a link between it and the student through a process of interaction. Therefore, the student commits to his learning and take the initiative in the search for knowledge.

How the teaching process is carried out

Teaching as the transmission of knowledge is based on perception, mainly through the oratory and the writing. The exhibition of teacher, text support and participation and debate techniques among students are some of the ways in which the teaching process takes place.

With scientific advancement, teaching has incorporated new technologies and makes use of other channels to transmit knowledge, such as video and Internet. Technology has also enhanced the distance learning and interaction beyond the fact of sharing the same physical space.


Teaching is also key in animals.

The importance of the canal

All this adds an element that is also fundamental to the pillars of teaching: the channel. If we take as a point of reference the schooled education of the mid or late twentieth century, books and the air itself were the main channels through which the student received knowledge, both written and oral. The need to be present in the same physical space as the teacher imposed certain limits that made the experience impossible if the geographical distance between the two was excessive.

The advent of video calling, on the other hand, changed everything. Not only does it allow us to stay in touch with our loved ones during a trip but it completely overrides the need to be in the same geographic location for almost any activity, including of course teaching. Over the years, the amount of homework and the agility of online lessons have advanced considerably since their inception, increasingly breaking down the barriers between them and the face-to-face.

Therefore, the combination of advances in areas such as psychopedagogy, computing and telecommunications opened the doors to new teaching methods, which minimize the hierarchical distinction typical of the past and maximize the importance of tools, both for the teacher and for the student. The Internet not only allows the student to receive tutorials from people from all over the world, but also to connect with other students to share experiences or to expand on academic explanations that they have not fully understood in class.

Teaching today

In this way, teaching is no longer the exclusive task of the teacher but also of anyone who wishes to help others to enter a field of the knowledge. This turn that education has taken in recent decades may seem modern or impossible in an ancient society, but in reality it reminds us that the transmission of knowledge is a natural and obligatory activity for the preservation of the species.

Today, therefore, everyone is involved in the process to a degree similar to that of the first human beings, who had not yet divided power among a few.