The concept of taylorism comes from the postulates of the American Frederick Winslow Taylor, an economist and engineer born in 1856 and died in 1915. Taylor devised a method to organize work activity that is based on specialization of the workers, the time control destined for each activity and division of tasks.
Taylorism, therefore, refers to the organization of activities carried out in the workplace with the intention of maximizing the productivity. It is usually defined as a scientific or rational organization system of work tasks, which is committed to mechanization to increase efficiency.
What Taylorism does is divide the job in different sequences and record the time each one takes. Each worker works in a sequence: that is, they do not take care of the different steps involved in the work. Thus, it specializes in a single stage of the production process.
A complex process is thus divided into several simpler tasks. Every worker’s job is timed to minimize the loss of weather. Taylorism also relies on payment for productivity, prompting the worker to work faster.
Scholars of Taylorism coincide in emphasizing that it generated a remarkable amount of changes in the field of industry. Specifically, it brought with it modifications such as these:
-He got the workers to specialize, thus increasing their skill and, therefore, the contribution they made to the production and profits of the company in question.
-Given the opportunity to have more control over the work in the plant of the different operators.
-It allowed that, thanks to the division of labor on which it was based, it was possible to reduce costs and reorganize tasks much better.
Taylorism is also associated with fordism, which is based on series production and the use of a Assembly line. The idea is that the worker does not have to travel to carry out his task, but rather that the pieces reach him through a machine that allows the continuous development of production.
Fordism we have to expose that it is considered that also, like Taylorism, introduced a series of notable changes such as these:
-He bet on what was mass production.
-Given the opportunity to have lower prices of the products when they reached the market.
-It allowed the power to achieve a greater earning capacity.
-Work processes became much more mechanized.
Within the field of education, there is also talk of Taylorism or the Taylorist method. In this case, we can say that it is an alternative that is based, above all, on the student’s academic results. That is to say, the most important thing of all are the grades you obtain and not what the pedagogical processes could also be.
However, in recent years this type of method has fallen into disuse in favor of other alternatives that are considered more appropriate for the times in which we have lived, where the effort should also be valued regardless of the result achieved.