Swamp is a term that comes from the Italian language and whose origin could be traced back to the name Pantanus, which was a ancient italy lake. Its about deep place where the waters collect and stop naturally, with a background usually boggy.
For example: “Be careful: thousands of crocodiles live in this swamp”, “In the middle of the mountains, we came across a swamp full of vegetation“, “Carlos fell in the swamp and came out all dirty”.
The swamp is made up of stagnant waters which tend to host very dense aquatic vegetation, despite their shallow depth. There are freshwater and saltwater swamps.
In some swamps, the Water It is not completely stagnant, but circulates through channels when there is very heavy rainfall or during the thaw season. These phenomena promote the movement of sediments and the generation of mud.
It is possible to consider the swamp as a ecosystem, since diverse species of flora, animals, algae, etc. can coexist there. The Everglades from Florida (USA), the Marshland from Brazil, Bolivia Y Paraguay and the Iberá estuaries on Argentina are some examples of known swamps.
It should be noted that, in a symbolic sense, the notion of swamp is used to name a difficulty or a hindrance, perhaps due to the fact that people remain stagnant like the waters of the swamp: “The rival defense became a swamp for the Uruguayan attackers”, “We are in a swamp: the machine broke and we could not get spare parts”.
Let’s take a look at some of the most beautiful swamps in the world:
Great Dismal – USA
It is located on the border of Virginia and North Carolina and is one of the few zones wild extensions that remain in the east of the country. For centuries, the Dismal swamp had been over-exploited, but the creation of a refuge in 1974 ushered in a new era for this incredible work of nature. Among the species of animals that it houses are the wild cat, the otter and the black bear, about two hundred species of birds and more than seventy of amphibians and reptiles, all this without counting the great variety of plants and flowers that complete the cycle. from lifetime.
The Pantanal – Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay
The Pantanal is among the largest wetlands in the world and its beauty it is not far behind. A large percentage of its area belongs to Brazil, with considerably smaller parts in Paraguay and Bolivia; its approximate dimensions range between 140 thousand and 195 thousand square kilometers and 80% is submerged throughout the rainy season. The species of plants, mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and invertebrates that inhabit its waters number in several thousand.
Swamp of the Tigris and the Euphrates – Western asia
The Tigris and the Euphrates are two well-known rivers worldwide, which are connected with swamps, lakes and swamps. It is a considerable source of water surrounded by desert. Regrettably, the Saddam Hussein regime in Iraq did its best to spoil its beautiful landscapes to gain political control and defeat the local people, resulting in the loss of more than five dozen species of waterfowl, fish and mammals.
Candaba Swamp – Philippines
With an area of 32 thousand hectares, the Candaba Swamp is one of the most important bird sanctuaries, mainly migratory ones, and displays beauty in all its corners. Their land they allow the cultivation of watermelons and rice between November and April; During the rest of the year, the water is not afraid to submerge them completely.