From Latin orthography, the orthography Is the set of rules that regulate the writing. Be part of the normative grammar as it establishes the rules for the correct use of letters and punctuation marks.
The spelling is born from a convention accepted by a linguistic community for preserve the unity of the written language. The institution in charge of regulating these norms is usually known as Language Academy.
The spelling rules, in general, do not have a direct relationship with the understanding of the text in question. For example: if a person who is fluent in the Spanish language reads a sentence that states “Build the expectation of bida around the world”, you will have no trouble understanding the statement. His correct writing, however, is “Life expectancy is growing around the world” and it surely transmits the message in a cleaner and more direct way, since it avoids the reader the correction process.
In short, spelling helps to standardize a tongue, something that is very important when there are several dialects in the same territory. It is worth mentioning that the rules of spelling are taught during the first years of primary education.
In some languages, the spelling rules are based on the phonemes (mental abstractions of the sounds of speech), as it happens with Castilian. Other languages choose etymological criteria (that is, they refer to the origin of the words), a situation that promotes the divergence between the writing and the pronunciation of the words.
Discussion on its usefulness
Many world-renowned writers have called for the abolition or at least the simplification of the rules of spelling. One of them was the Colombian Nobel Prize winner, Gabriel Garcia Marquez. This, however, raises a series of questions and potential problems, which no one has been able to solve one hundred percent.
Our language has the characteristic of being spoken in many countries, located in more than one continent, and this has a direct impact on the variety of accents and regionalisms. This can be considered as a positive and enriching aspect, or as a source of confusion that constantly and unfailingly attacks its principles, tearing year after year its structure and stripping it of its beauty, in pursuit of the incorrect adoption of mispronounced foreign terms. and misunderstood.
First of all, we can talk about the lyrics s Y z; in some cities, their pronunciation it is different, which makes it easier to remember when each is used (the most common examples are the words “house” and “hunting”). However, the percentage of populations that do not phonetically distinguish them is much higher, whether they pronounce both as one s or as a z. Closely related to them is the c, which can be read as a k or as a z, in the combinations AC, co Y cu or EC Y ci, respectively.
Spelling, education and technology
We live in an era where no need to write by hand anymore, and this distances us considerably from language; as if that were not enough, all the devices we use to process text They are ready to assist us, either by correcting our mistakes or by preventing us from committing them, thanks to their function known as “autocomplete”. The decline that spelling is undergoing with technological advances cannot be justified, just as the cinema cannot be blamed for juvenile delinquency.
In both cases, the problem lies in the education, which is the basis on which living beings rely on to make decisions. If we are not taught in time the importance of correct spelling, the great difference that exists between a rich and well-written text and an almost random sequence of pseudo terms without punctuation marks, then technology will represent our only chance to keep alive a legacy that has been with us for centuries.