In order to determine the etymological origin of the term hillside, we must go to Latin. And it is that it is the result of the sum of two components of that language: “latus”, which can be translated as “side”, and the suffix “-era”.
Hillside is a term with various uses according to the context. The concept, according to dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), refers to that or that belonging to or relative to the side. Let us remember that side, on the other hand, can be one of the parts that limit a whole; the side of a body of a person or an animal; the faces of a coin or other object; and the lines that form a geometric figure.
The notion of hillside is often used to name the decline of a mountain, a mountain or a height in general. It can be said, in this sense, that the slope is one of the sides of the mountain in question. For instance: “The mountaineers chose to climb the west slope since the ascent on that side is easier”, “An avalanche on the north slope buried fourteen people”, “They say that the most beautiful view is obtained when climbing the south slope”.
They are known as hillside movements or hillside phenomena to the displacements of earth or rocks that are in a pending. As a slope implies a slope, these displacements occur in the direction of the slope due to the action of the force of gravity. Landslides and landslides are some of the most common hillside movements.
There are many different hillside phenomena. However, taking as a criterion the movement that they are coming to make, we would have to say that the most significant are those that we expose below:
• Flow movements, which do not have a net surface of what would be displacement, among other things. Within this category we could include both solifluction and creeping.
• Detachments, which are vertical in nature.
• Landslides, which can be rotational or translational.
• Complex movements, which are those that combine several of the aforementioned hillside phenomena.
In many corners of the globe it is common for this type of hillside movement to take place. Hence, the authorities, with the help of professionals in geography and the environment, take the necessary measures either to prevent them from occurring or to protect the population and the environment from serious damage.
There are various actions that can be carried out for this purpose, including the establishment of what would be meshes, anchors of various kinds and even the placement of so-called retaining walls. These, based on the phenomenon that they plan to face, can be made with concrete, rock, earth … In order for them to work correctly, it is essential to take into account, when creating them, aspects such as the type of sliding or stability.
In Argentina, the idea of ladero is linked to a person that second or accompanies to another: “Gómez is the mayor’s main place in the southern part of the party”, “Claudia is an unconditional hillside who has supported me in the most difficult moments of my life”.