SchemeWith origin in the Latin term schema, a scheme is the graphic or symbolic representation of material or immaterial things. For instance: “The architect has presented a construction scheme” or “This is the scheme of our organization”.

On the other hand, a schema is a idea or concept that someone has of something and that conditions their behavior (“My scheme prevents me from accepting this type of work”).

The concept of schema is also used to refer to the abstract of a written, speech or theory, which attends only to its most significant lines or characters (“I have made an outline of your presentation”).

A conceptual scheme it’s a idea system, an organized set of universal concepts that allow an approach to a particular object. It is an open theoretical package that can be put to the test in everyday life.

In the field of teaching, the scheme is a very suitable technique to study and memorize new topics, since it gives us the possibility of associating ideas and relating them to each other to give rise to an orderly classification that facilitates their understanding. Making an outline also requires the learning of certain techniques and, of course, practice, but it is a bet that returns the effort more than enough throughout academic life.

Before starting to make the scheme itself, we must read the text source with the greatest possible care, to understand it in depth and thus detect those “invisible” divisions that allow us to break it down into many parts. Underlining the phrases that seem most relevant to us is very good advice; It can be individual words or even complete sentences, as long as we consider them key to understanding the subject.

The purpose of this close inspection is to recognize the structure, the skeleton, because it is based on it that we can build the scheme. We can establish an analogy with the foundation of a building, the group of elements of its structure on which we will support the most superficial: both parts are equally important, since without a solid base there cannot be a well-finished exterior, but we should never begin by the latter.

SchemeOnce we have all the elements well differentiated, we must group them into categories that go from the highest degree of generality to the least; for instance: Topic, Main Ideas, Side Ideas, Details, etc.. Each rung should serve to expand the ideas raised where it is directly above him. If we think of a document that recounts the history of computers, we can think that the topic “peripherals” may include “monitors” and “keyboards” at the same level, and that under each of them there will be other categories, such as be “functions” or “types.”

The ability to synthesize is almost as important as the understanding of the text: the outline must consist of a series of concise points, built from keywords or very short interconnected sentences so that the reading is agile.

A body scheme It is the consciousness or mental representation of the body and its parts, with its mechanisms and possibilities of movement, as a means of communication with oneself and with the environment. The good development of the body scheme supposes a good evolution of the motor skills, of the spatial and temporal perception, and of the affectivity.

Adequate knowledge of the body includes the body image and to body concept, which can be developed through activities that favor the knowledge of the body as a whole, knowledge of the segmented body, control of global and segmented movements, static balance, dynamic balance and harmonious body expression.