The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) collects more than twenty meanings of the term rooster, which derives from the Latin word gallus. The first meaning he mentions is the most used and refers to a domestic bird which is part of the order of galliforms.
These first indicated data reveal several of the characteristics of the roosters. Birds are vertebrate animals that lay eggs and they breathe through lungs. They present a spike of horny nature, have one pair of legs and one pair of wings and have the body protected by feathers.
As in the rest of the galliforms, in addition, the beak the rooster is something bent to dig into the ground. Its legs are robust, while its short wings do not allow it to sustain flight for long distances.
Scientific name Gallus gallus domesticus, the rooster stands out for its two caruncles: this is what a reddish and erectile fleshy exhibited by certain animals in the head.
In the specific case of the rooster, it has a crest on the crown (the top of your head) and lobes on the sides of the peak. Regarding the beak, it can be said that it is thick and short.
The plumage of the rooster, meanwhile, is characterized by luster. From June to October the molt takes place: thus, orange-toned feathers cover the body, with others of black color in the middle of the back.
Roosters, on the other hand, possess strong tarsi with dewclaws. Tarsus is the narrow area of the legs where the toes meet with the tibia, while the spurs are apophyses (protruding sections of a bone).
Differences with the hen
It is important to mention that the rooster is the male specimen of the species Gallus gallus domesticus. The female receives the name of chicken. The baby is often called chicken, which is the name that is also given to the meat of this animal.
There is a marking sexual dimorphism between roosters and chickens. Roosters are much larger than hens: they can weigh about 4 kilograms and reach a height 50 centimeters, unlike chickens that weigh 2 kg and measure about 40 cm.
In chickens, on the other hand, caruncles are less prominent. As for plumage, it is more colorful in roosters.
Feeding, singing and behavior of the rooster
Roosters are animals omnivores. They can eat insects, worms, seeds and leaves, for example.
As long as they have not been neutered, the roosters crow throughout the day. They emit a sound that is often described as kikiriki or kokorokó and that allows them to give a warning to attract the chickens that are in the vicinity. Beyond singing, the rooster also communicates with crowing (clo-clo), calmer than the singing.
its behaviour it is gregarious: tends to stay in a group. These groups are organized hierarchically, being led by a dominant rooster. In general, the rooster is a territorial bird but it can be domesticated and even behave as a companion animal.
Exploitation by humans
Since its domestication, which began around 7,400 years ago, the rooster has been exploited in different ways by people. It is usually bred for its meat, considered as a staple food worldwide.
The chicken It is valued for its levels of zinc, iron, magnesium and vitamin A, among other elements. It can be prepared roasted, stewed, fried, and in other ways. Its minced meat, in addition, allows to elaborate burgers and cold cuts.
Roosters are also bred for fights or quarrels, which usually move a lot money for bets. This activity is traditional in some regions, although many animal organizations denounce its cruelty.