The first thing we are going to do to understand the meaning of the term refute is to determine its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it is a word that derives from Latin, specifically, from the verb “refutare”, which can be translated as “reject and disrupt”.
Refute it’s a verb which refers to the action of deny, object or deny something from the exposition of arguments contrary to what is rejected. What is done when refuting something, therefore, is to oppose what is affirmed by another or others, using reasons that justify said opposition.
For example: “The official expert, based on DNA studies, was in charge of refuting the defense attorney’s statements”, “The coach tried to refute the rumors of a conflict in the squad by opening the training doors and showing the players working in harmony and with smiles”, “I don’t think anyone is capable of refuting this argument.”.
Let’s see how a rebuttal works. A politician can accuse a mayor of not having done anything in favor of the public health during his tenure. Faced with this attack, the mayor organizes a press conference to refute the accusation: there he affirms that investment in public health grew by 25% in the last five years, that two hospitals were built and that the municipality hired fifteen doctors to work in various care centers. With these data, therefore, the mayor intends refute your opponent.
When it comes to refuting the statements of another person, it must be done with a clear approach and carrying out three phases:
1-We will proceed to expose what that one has said.
2-The time has come to refute. Therefore, it is when it is necessary to proceed to specify the aspects of said individual’s speech that are false, impossible, contrary to logic, that are useless and that violate good education. All this will be done by exposing them and then establishing the motives and reasons that completely derail them.
3-It is the moment of conclusion. In this phase, what must be done, once the original arguments and the pertinent refutation have been presented, is to conclude and make it clear to the receiver why the former were absolutely out of place, were false or illogical.
Thus, as we have mentioned, this process is clearly seen in electoral debates, when candidates try to refute their opponents in order to get the citizens’ votes.
In addition, also a teenager who his father accuses of not being trying in the collegeFor his part, he can refute his father by reminding him that he did not go out the last three weekends to stay at home studying. Thus the young man shows his father that he has made sacrifices to improve his academic performance.
Within the scope of literature there is what is known as refutation, which is the tool used to “dismantle” the approaches, theories and texts of some authors. To develop it, resources such as contradiction and adynaton are used.