The first thing to do to fully understand the definition of the term refugee is to know its etymological origin. In this sense, it should be noted that it derives from Latin, specifically from “refugeium”, which came to be defined as the protected place to which a person went when they were fleeing.
Refugee is a concept that is associated with the verb shelter (shelter, shelter). The term is used with reference to the individual who, due to political persecution, a military conflict or other situation that puts his life at risk, must request refuge abroad.
The refugee is therefore forced to leave from his country since, if he stayed there, he would be in danger. In this way, another nation welcomes him into its territory and provides him with protection.
A person requests refuge or asylum abroad when the Condition of the country in which they live is no longer in a position to guarantee their safety or the minimum conditions essential for life. A civil war, an international confrontation, a natural catastrophe and various religious, ethnic or racial reasons are some of the reasons that can lead an individual to take refuge in another country.
The treatment of refugees in the host country varies according to the laws of each nation. It should be noted, however, that international conventions and protocols force the countries to grant asylum and not to forcibly send refugees back to their places of origin. The right to refuge, on the other hand, is part of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
However, different organizations and agencies at the international level have come to propose, as UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) states, that refugees have a series of rights, among which are these:
-They have the right of asylum, in all the necessary security conditions.
-In the country where they arrive, it is vital that they have the same rights as the rest of foreigners who are legal residents in that country.
-It is considered that they have basic civil rights such as freedom of thought or movement, among others.
-It is also recognized, in the event that they have small children, the right that they are properly schooled.
-They have the right to medical assistance.
-You have the right to work, in the case of adult refugees.
In recent decades, most refugees fled from countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It should be noted that the UN It has an organization called UNHCR, which is dedicated to helping refugees during their stay in the host territory.
Although the terms are often confused, it is necessary to know that there is a clear difference between a refugee and an economic migrant. Specifically, what most clearly distinguishes them is that the latter has decided to leave his country of his own free will and with the clear objective of seeking a better life. However, the refugee is forced to leave his land for his safety.