The quail are migratory birds that belong to the group of gallinaceous. The animals Of this type, they usually have a solid body and legs adapted to terrestrial habits.

Belonging to the genus Coturnix, the species are part of the family group of pheasant. Quails are approximately 20 centimeters long and have pointed wings that allow them to fly between different continents. These narrow and elongated wings differentiate the quail from the rest of the gallinaceous ones.


The quail is a bird of the Gallinaceae group.

Quail characteristics

The plumage of the quail is brown on the wings, on the back and on the head, with stripes of a darker hue. In the lower sector of the body the feathers are grayish or yellowish.

The beak it is also darker in the upper area. Other characteristic features are the absence of a spur on the feet and the presence of a short tail.

The migration

As we said at the beginning, the quail is a migratory bird. Take the case of common quail, of scientific name Coturnix coturnix: Eurasian populations breed on the European continent and in the more temperate Asian areas and then move to cross the winter in the Indian subcontinent and in Africa.

When autumn arrives, the displacement is in the opposite direction. However, it must be taken into account that there are quail populations that are not migratory, such as those that live in the India and in South Africa, for example.

Quail feeding

The seeds they are the most important food source for quail. They generally eat the seeds of grass plants such as corn or the wheat. Quail also feed on snails and of insects.

It is important to note that the diet it is linked to the station. While in summer and autumn they usually eat seeds, grains and fruits, in winter and spring they favor small invertebrates and insects.


Quail eggs are considered a delicacy in many regions.

How they reproduce

Quail are polygamous. A male can copulate consecutively with several females, while a female can be fertilized by several males within a few hours of each other.

The females place the eggs in a hole where they place dry herbs. They usually lay between 6 and 18 eggs, which hatch for about seventeen days. The chicks already peck as soon as they are born, they begin to flutter at fifteen days of life and fly when they are one month old.

Quail meat and eggs

The meat quail It is highly appreciated in several countries for its mild flavor. It has little fat and many proteins, also standing out for containing phosphorus, iron and calcium.

The usual thing is that the meat is prepared roasted, in stews or fill. It can even be used to make pâté.

The quail eggs they are better known than meat. Much smaller than those of chicken, these eggs are prepared in multiple ways: fried, poached and in other ways.

A municipality in Spain

Notably Quail is the name of a municipality in the province of Segovia. It has a surface of little more than 64 square kilometers and has about 340 inhabitants.

The town of Quail integrates the region known as Segovian countryside. In ancient times it was framed in the villa community and Earth by Arévalo.