The first thing we are going to do is determine the etymological origin of the word profit. This action leads us to verify that this term is the sum of the Gothic word win, which can be translated as “covet”, and the suffix –Inc, which is equivalent to “quality”.
Gain is the action and effect of winning (acquire flow or increase it, obtain a salary in a job, stay with what is disputed in a play, conquer a square). The term usually refers to the utility that results from a deal or an action.
For instance: “In the last three years, the company achieved a profit of more than one million dollars”, “I work ten hours a day in exchange for a profit that barely allows me to make ends meet”, “Entrepreneurs always keep the profits, but the losses are distributed among the employees”.
It is known as economic gain or economic benefit to utility that the actor obtains from an economic, commercial or productive process. It can be calculated as total income (earned from sales, investment interest, etc.) minus total costs (production expenses, taxes).
If a person invests two hundred pesos in bread, ham and cheese to make sandwiches and, after the sale of these, receives three hundred pesos, he will have obtained a profit of one hundred pesos. There are, of course, intangible values, such as the time spent making the sandwiches.
It is usual, in the economic sphere, that when the term profit is spoken of, the word loss also quickly appears. Specifically, the most usual thing is to talk about “profits and losses” at the same time, that is, the benefits and expenses that any company or business that is going on has had.
Precisely those it is customary to be noted in a relevant and appropriate document for this purpose, with the clear objective that at the end of the month, the quarter or the year, the calculations that dictate, based on both, if the company in question is profitable or not.
In everyday language, it is possible to refer to winning weather or other symbolic or abstract values. These types of gains are subjective according to personal valuation, unlike economic gains: “Buying a car meant saving time when going to work”, “Juan installed a sliding door and achieved a significant gain in space in his kitchen”.
In a colloquial way, the term profit is also used in another sense. Thus, for example, it is common to speak of “son of profit”. It is an expression that is used as a synonym for natural child, that is, as that offspring that a man and a woman have together.
In addition to all the above, it must be emphasized that in the field of electronics, the term gain is also used. In your case, it is used to refer to the relationship between the input signal and the output signal. This magnitude is usually measured in belles or decibels.