The efforts that are carried out in order to meet objectives and realize various purposes are framed within a planning. This process requires respect a series of steps that are set at first, for which those who develop a planning use different tools and expressions.
Planning involves working on the same line from the beginning of a project, since multiple actions are required when organizing each of the projects. His first step, experts say, is to draw up the plan that will then be finalized. In other words, planning is a method that allows to execute plans directly, which will be carried out and supervised depending on the planning.
Planning in an organization
In a organization, the managers they are the ones who have to carry out the plans that will be governed by planning. The operation and execution of the plans may have been carried out by a single person or another individual, who will necessarily have to know and understand the level of planning that has been wanted or been able to carry out.
The subject who develops the plans can also be the one who makes the decisions, although generally a organizational structure from where the rules and the politics of the organization. There is where the functions, roles and scope of the members are defined.
It should be noted that, although there are organizations that resort to formal and systematic planning, planning can also be carried out empirically in everyday life. like the administration, planning is part of most people’s activities, Business and organizations of all kinds.
The concept in business administration
Inside of business Administration Many scholars have tried to define the concept of planning, here we present some of these positions:
Stoner and Goodstein agree that planning consists of goal setting process and choose the best way to achieve them, and once everything is clear, action can be taken. Ortiz says that it serves to know exactly what things will an organization do to achieve your goals as a company. For its part, Ackoff ensures that it serves for anticipate actions that needs to be done and the way in which it will be done, to ensure that the company obtains the expected results in the established time. Finally, Terry says it is a process in which select the information and assumptions are made regarding the future, in order to establish the objectives of the organization and the ways in which those goals will be pursued.
In a company planning serves to obtain information and apply it around the resources available in order to achieve the goals, also agreed upon when planning the action, and subsequently carry out the procedures that have been chosen always looking towards the end, trying to control the process in order to always walk towards the goals. Priorities established based on the strengths of the organization.
There are several types of planning but all of them respond to the same clause, forms, methods and actions that are devised in order to reach certain goals in an orderly and efficient manner.
Some things can jeopardize planning, such as unexpected events that come from entities outside the organization, the resistance of adaptation to changes by employees or customers, lack of information that can cause the plan to collapse or implement the plan inappropriate ways.
The notion in politics and in society
In the aspect political schedules are used to establish methods of fighting around a problem, ways in which you will try to solve a certain problem, in what time it will be done and what things are expected at the end of the established time.
The social planning It is a process that serves to organize certain ideas in order to solve a certain social conflict, it is a plan that will be taken into action to improve a certain aspect of society. It consists of the use of new planning methods that are based on geographic and demographic indicators and whose main objective is to use these new theories to modify a specific aspect of an element of the social system.
Social planning has three fundamental elements: Super-structure (the set of ideas and values), Social structure (forms of relationships, social practices, types of government, community actions, etc.) and Material infrastructure (geography, technology , economy and demography of said society). By thoroughly analyzing these three elements, it is possible to establish social planning that gives a positive result and improves the quality of life of those who are part of that society.
The Family planning It is the planning that a couple establishes to responsibly determine the number of children they can have based on their resources. They must consider the needs that each child would have and to what extent they will be able to satisfy them and also what is the project that they have as a family.
There are many ways established by social organizations to help parents to carry out correct family planning, but unfortunately, this term is seldom put into action since couples generally decide to have a child based on their wishes and not on their own. possibilities, which turns out to be extremely damaging for societies as more and more children are born with fewer opportunities, more unmet needs and less happy.
Family planning programs offer couples a activities list Through which they can receive information, advice, education and contraception, so that they take being parents very seriously and carry out proper planning.
At present, when talking about family planning, one may also be referring to the natality control, that is, to the ways in which countries organize their populations, taking into account the site resources and needs that can be covered in an insured way.
Among the advantages of birth control is that of encouraging women to give birth in your prime years, reduce the number of abortions with contraceptive methods that prevent unwanted pregnancies, decrease the risks of venereal diseases, like AIDS, also thanks to these methods, decrease the number of inhabitants based on resources that are had, meaning less expense for the environment. Finally, those countries where birth control is seriously planned are less likely to be overpopulated and have a more even economy. In addition, they are more likely to reach a positive level of development, by having a lower expenditure of its natural resources.