Peat is a word with two different meanings, which depend on its etymological origin. When it comes from French tourbe, the notion of peat is used to name a organic substance which can be used as fuel.
Peat, in this sense, is a material composed of the plant residue that accumulate in a swampy area. It is somewhat spongy in consistency, has a significant presence of carbon and exhibits a dark hue.
When vegetables begin their transformation into mineral carbon, the first step involves their progressive carbonification as they rot. The peat is the result of these first changes, which develop slowly since, in the swamps, there is little oxygen, the water is very acidic and there are not so many microbes.
Peat can be used as organic fertilizer to increase the quality of the soil used for cultivation and farming activities. gardening. When moisture is removed, on the other hand, peat becomes a type of fuel.
While peat is used in farming, forestry and horticulture, it is in the latter area where it is most used, as a growing substrate. Among the benefits it provides is the increase of the barrier effect, the dragging and washing of the nutrients and the improvement of the conditions for the roots to penetrate the soil and develop properly.
Do not forget either that this type of peat is used when keeping aquariums in perfect condition. Specifically, it must be stated that several types of it, exactly those that shape the genus “sphagnum”, are those used in this type of aquatic infrastructure to create the perfect habitat for the species that live in them.
The “sphagnum cymbifolium” and the “sphagnum acutifolium” are the two varieties used for aquariums. They are characterized by the fact that they acquire the following properties as peat:
• They have a dark, almost black appearance.
• They must be presented in the form of fibers, a maximum of 2 centimeters long.
• They should not have any type of fertilizers among their components.
The effectiveness that the peat will have in those spaces will depend on both the quality of the water and the quantity that must be treated or the duration of the filtering process. However, it is essential that in addition to all these aspects that type of mud is properly cared for before being placed in the aquariums. And it is that only in this way will it be able to carry out its functions in the most convenient way possible.
Specifically, experts advise subjecting the peat to a relevant hydration and then squeezing it and, in the event that it is required because its color is not ideal, boiling it.
But peat is not only used in these sectors; Thanks to its great versatility, it can be very useful as an absorbent material (to protect the environment), as a construction material or even play an important role in medicinal treatments and therapies.
Its use as an ecological absorbent serves to clean the Water of hydrocarbons that have been spilled by vessels. Because peat becomes hydrophobic when subjected to a temperature shock, it is able to avoid water absorption and focus on hydrocarbons for approximately 48 hours. Some sectors in which this application is usually used are fire services, service stations and road transport.
The sphagnum peat (also called sphagnum or by sphaigne) has ideal properties for biofiltration of wastewater systems. It is a matter fibrous, very porous and stable, capable of filtering and retaining the flow in the percolation process, which is very favorable for the biodegradation of the elements of the water that meet the microorganisms when they reach the biofilter. If a measure like this is not taken, the consequences could be harmful to the environment.
Regarding its therapeutic use, peat is very good for certain body care, and also allows to replace algae in cases of allergies. The peat mud activates the circulation of the blood and offers perfect relaxation when combined with a massage, thanks to its thermal potential. It is worth mentioning that its effects are far superior to those of clay and algae; In addition, they allow you to take advantage of the benefits of vitamins, lipids, polyphenols, humic acids and trace elements.
In addition, we must not forget that, curiously, in some places the peat is used to carry out the drying of what are the components that give shape to the whiskey.
If the term peat derives from the Latin peatInstead, it is used in a different way. A mob, in this case, is a grouping of persons that acts in a way spontaneous and poorly organized. For instance: “An angry mob entered a city hall building and destroyed the mayor’s office”, “To develop the project, we have to have planning: we cannot act like a mob”, “It is believed that the man was killed by an angry mob that entered his home and did justice by his own hand”.