The first thing we have to do is establish the etymological origin of the term octave. In this sense, we can determine that it derives from Latin, more exactly from the word “octavus”, which can be translated as “the one who has the position that follows the seventh”.
Usually, whether in feminine (eighth) or masculine (eighth), it is a adjective type numeral ordinal what qualifies what happens to the seventh in a certain order.
For instance: “The eighth edition of the literary contest was a great success”, “The team finished eighth in the standings, behind France”, “This is the eighth day we don’t have electricity”.
The notion of octave can also be used to name each part that makes up a all divided into eight portions or segments: “According to the contract, you are entitled to one eighth of the proceeds from sales”, “An eighth of the land will be used for sowing wheat”.
In the field of literature, an eighth is the stanza composed of 8 verses of eleven syllables (that is, hendecasyllables). Said combination of verses follows a certain scheme when it comes to rhymes, which are consonants. The concept, however, can also be used to name any combination that has 8 verses.
In this sense, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as the real octave. This is the term used to refer to a stanza of eight verses of eleven syllables each that also has three consonant rhymes. In this case, it must be clarified that the last two rhyme with each other and the first six following this structure: 11A 11B 11A 11B 11A 11B.
Diverse are the authors who cultivated this type of octave throughout their trajectory. This would be the case, for example, of the Spanish Garcilaso de la Vega (1498 – 1536) or the Renaissance Ludovico Ariosto (1474 – 1533) or Torquato Tasso (1544 – 1595).
It should not be overlooked either that within the religious sphere the term eighth is also used. Specifically, this is used to refer to the eight-day period during which the Church is in charge of celebrating an important event.
Likewise, we must not forget the existence of a means of communication that responds to the name of “Octava Digital”. It is a publication of the Network, which compiles and reports on all the events and news that occur in relation to the Aragonese population of Utebo.
The idea of octave is also used in the music. It may be the interval that exists between a pair of sounds that have frequencies that maintain a 2-1 link. If a sound has a fundamental frequency of 2640 Hz, it will be one octave higher than that whose frequency is 1320 Hz.
The musical scale of West It contemplates seven different levels in terms of pitch and semitone. The series that encompasses all notes (from Do until Yes) and that includes the repetition of the first note (Do) is also called an octave.