The notion of fruit, which comes from the Latin word fructus, refers to a product of certain plants that shelters and provides protection to seeds. It arises from the development of the ovary of the flower after fertilization. The adjective dry, on the other hand, it qualifies what has no liquid.
The nuts, therefore, are those who lack juice. These are fruits with a very hard shell that present a percentage of Water less than fifty%.
The energy content of nuts is very high. They are characterized by having a high level of protein and fats, and in many cases also vitamins from the B Group.
The walnuts are the fruits that the Walnut, a tree whose scientific name is Regal juglans. In addition to vitamins of group B and proteins, these nuts contain vitamin C, omega 3 fatty acids and lecithin, among other components.
The chestnut trees (Catanea sativa), meanwhile, they produce a dried fruit called Chestnut. This fruit can be eaten raw and is used to make sweet and flours.
The hazel (Hazelnut corylus) is the tree whose fruit is the hazelnut, a dried fruit that contributes to the prevention of heart disease, helps control the cholesterol and provides benefits in the fight against osteoporosis and arthritis.
With the dried fruit of almond (Prunus dulcis), called almond, liquors and horchatas can be made. There is also almond milk, a drink that is obtained by adding water to ground almonds and then allowing the mixture to marinate. mix.
It is also often known as dried fruits, finally, the dried fruits or dry fruits: fruits such as figs, grapes and plums that are subjected to a process of dehydration.
Despite the fact that nuts have a bad press due to their high fat content (which is between 50% and 70%), they are a highly recommended food for their innumerable benefits. They are ideal for treating certain ailments and are an excellent source of nutrients essentials, such as vitamins B and E.
In a balanced incorporation, therefore, they could be a great help to keep us healthy. In fact, the Spanish Heart Foundation recommends eating 50 grams of nuts a day. Almonds and pine nuts are ideal for treating bone problems as they provide a high content of calcium (269 mg per 100 g), which helps with bone strengthening and bone mineralization.
Hazelnuts and walnuts are ideal for counteracting high cholesterol levels. Its high level of polyunsaturated fat contributes to the Health of blood vessels. In addition, walnuts are the nut with the highest level of omega-3s.
Cashews, pistachios and pine nuts are the nuts that you should consume if you suffer from diabetes, as they help to manage the amount of lipid in the blood. On the other hand, its high nutritional level in trace elements contributes to the prevention of type 2 diabetes. In short, trace elements are those basic minerals for the correct functioning of the organism. Therefore, in the case of diabetes it is essential, by collaborating with the proper management of insulin (insulin resistance).
Hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds they are ideal foods to treat overweight. Although nutritionists sometimes eliminate them from weight loss diets because of their high fat content, it is not a good practice. Nuts consumed with common sense can help with weight loss as they provide us with a high energy content and their incredible satiating effect keeps us satisfied for longer. In that sense, its consumption in moments of anxiety may be ideal for those people who have problems with food.