Narration, from Latin narratio, is a term that has three great uses. First of all, it concerns the action and effect of narrating (to count or refer a history, either true or fictitious).
A narrative is, on the other hand, a story or a novel: “The last narration of the acclaimed Canadian author takes place in the seventeenth century”, “The jury highlighted the dynamic and agile character of the narration, which won the most important prize in the contest”.
In the rhetoricFinally, the narrative is one of the three parts into which the discourse can be divided. The rhetorical narration refers to facts to clarify a particular issue and to enable the achievement of the speaker’s goals.
At a general level, it can be said that a narrative always presents, at least, a actor (character) that experiences a particular event. It should be mentioned that it is not essential that said character is the narrator of the story.
Short stories, such as the tale, share a plot structure that includes a introduction (where the topic to be discussed is presented), a knot (at which point the main conflict is exhibited) and a outcome (the resolution of the conflict).
The narrator is in charge of deciding order and rhythm of the narration. You can therefore appeal to the anachronism (also known as anachrony), a modification of the order of events in the weather. This resource, which allows altering the structure of a story according to the will of the person who tells it, can be given through:
* the analepsis: consists of the narration of facts past, are prior to the point at which the story is found or prior to the beginning of it. It is worth mentioning that the duration of this jump in time can be small (flashback) or considerable (racconto);
* prolepsis: anticipate future events, also with variable duration and depth, distinguishing between a short jump (known as flashforward) and an extensive narrative and more detailed (called premonition).
It is important to clarify that in both cases it is necessary to return to the main time line, since both analepsis and prolepsis are resources that the narrator chooses for a better or more adequate exposition of the acts that make up the story, and not to alter its course. The excessive use of this narrative tool can result in confusing the reader, causing them to lose interest in the work, due to not feeling capable of following or understanding it.
Two of the genders most popular within the narrative are The story and the novel. They resemble in that both use the narrative to shape a story. And they differ basically in the effect that each one wants to have on the reader.
One of the fundamental elements of the novel is time, which allows the author to expand comfortably, in great detail. Almost on the contrary, when writing a story, it is essential to make efficient use of the time available, to achieve a construction site concise, but that in turn offers a rich and satisfying experience to the reader.
In a story, the narration is intense and provokes sensations instantaneous and abrupt, which end when the reader finishes reading. The novel gives rise to a more intimate relationship between the one who writes and the one who reads; offers a more stable experience and demands more fidelity from the reader, with whom he creates a permanent bond, accompanying him and generating changes in his life over time, mixing his reality with fiction in an intense and often revealing way .