The classical Arabic word šaqīqah came to Hispanic Arabic as šaqíqa, from which comes the term headache. This is what a pain head of great intensity that usually appears recurrently.
Migraine feels on one side of the head and is linked to vascular problems of the brain. In some cases the disorder also includes sickness and vomiting.
Also called migraine, migraine is a type of headache (headache). It’s about a throbbing discomfort that affects women more frequently and in which genetic predisposition plays a relevant role.
The arterial hypertension, allergic syndromes, anxiety disorders and liver disorders can cause migraine. A distinction is generally made between tension headache (the most common), the cluster headache (that breaks out in successive attacks) and the secondary headache (caused by a brain tumor, meningitis, flu, or other causes).
It should be noted that various environmental factors can cause migraine. The stress, fasting, consumption of certain foods and beverages (coffee, red wine, chocolate), lack of sleep hours and even abrupt changes in atmospheric pressure appear among the possible causes of this headache.
Once the migraine attack has been triggered, the most frequent treatment consists of the use of analgesics and at rest. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen they are the most chosen. Anyway, when these symptoms appear – and especially if the migraine is periodic and disabling – it is best to consult a doctor and not self-medicate.
It is known by the name of ophthalmic migraine, on the other hand, to a crisis headaches accompanied by other symptoms, particularly vision disturbances. Other names for this disorder are ophthalmic migraine or optics. Like the common migraine, it also affects women in particular.
Its main symptoms are also shared with the common migraine:
* a headache that starts very quickly and usually affects only one side;
* the progressive increase in pain along with the evolution of the crisis;
* to physical exertion, exposure to certain sounds or light, the pain becomes more intense;
* nausea and / or vomiting.
What differentiates ophthalmic migraine from the common one are the visual signs that accompany said symptom, and that can appear before or after the attack. Among them, the following stand out:
* blurry vision;
* scotomas, very small points that are general in the center of the visual field and that sometimes appear together with flashing lights that are called twinkles. In some cases its extension can cover the entire field of vision, considerably hindering the situation of the subject;
* vision double.
Although the possible causes of ophthalmic migraine are many, it is possible to summarize them in the following six:
* few hours of sleep or disturbances in normal sleep patterns;
* hereditary genetic factors;
* hormonal changes;
* constant exposure to stressful situations;
* frequent use of tobacco or alcohol;
* consumption of certain drugs or foods.
With respect to treatment of ophthalmic migraine, we can say that it varies according to its approach, which can be to address the symptoms that are noticed in the crises or to prevent them and reduce their frequency and severity. In cases that include photophobia, that is to say that the light affects the patient in a negative way, it is recommended to rest in the dark. Pain relievers can be used to treat pain, and for those who have seizures too often, propranolol or other similar molecules can be given to make daily life easier.