A Greek term derived from the Russian word ikona, which became the French icon and eventually became icon or icon in our language (the Royal Spanish Academy accepts both versions).
Its about sign which, through a relation of resemblance, can represent a certain object. For example: the drawing of a curve on a poster indicates that the driver of a vehicle will come across a curve in the road at a certain number of meters.
Specifically, we can also establish that, colloquially and in our day-to-day lives, we use the term icon as a synonym for symbol.
The semiologist Charles Peirce states that an icon is a sign that can represent something by some resemblance to any aspect of the represented object.
Said North American philosopher must be established that prior to talking about the icon, what he did was establish three groups of signs: symbols, indices, and icons.
In the field of computing, an icon is a schematic graphical representation used to identify programs (software) or various functions that can be performed with a computer or other device. These digital pictograms facilitate the use of technological equipment: “You have to double click on the W icon to open Microsoft Word”.
A religious icon It is a representation of brush or relief that is usually used in different churches and temples. The Hinduism is one of the religions with richer iconography, while, at the other extreme, the Islam does not promote visual representations. Icon painting began to develop in the Byzantine Empire, in the zone of Constantinople, and then the tradition spread by Russia Y Crete.
In the case of Hinduism we can underline that the icons are also known by the name of murti and in their case the way to show them veneration and respect is by offering all kinds of elements such as food or water.
It should be noted that religious icons can be venerated and elevated to the category of sacred objects, or simply be ornamental or decorative images.
All this leads us to have to propose the existence of two terms that precisely start from the word that we are now analyzing. Thus, on the one hand, there would be what has been called iconicity, which is used to show the similarity that exists between a specific object and the image itself.
The aforementioned iconicity has become a highly studied area, which has even led to the establishment of certain scales, or rather degrees, in order to be able to analyze it further. Thus, among them are the photographic, the cartoon, the writing …
On the other hand, we would be talking about an iconoclast. Among the various meanings that this term has, we would highlight one that comes to let the iconoclast is that heretic who not only denies the worship that is carried out to sacred images but also destroys them and can even persecute people who do. they carry out that aforementioned cult.