A groove is a ditch, a ditch or a channel that is done on a ground. For instance: “The owner of the field made a furrow around the barn to prevent it from flooding”, “The earthquake left a furrow in the school floor”, “You can still see the groove that the truck made on the dirt road”.
In the field of farming, the furrows made with a plow or similar tool are very important during tillage. These slits are also used for the irrigation of the land.
Before the tractors Motorized vehicles, mules and oxen had to pull the plows, although unfortunately many people continue to exploit these animals today, due to a supposed lack of resources to acquire modern equipment. Although the arrival of technology in the agricultural field increased the speed of this and other activities, it did not change the characteristics of the basic instruments, which consist of a part to cut the soil and another, the mold, to stir it.
The person in charge of the plow sets the depth of the furrow, and this also depends on the conditions of the ground. For example, clay is more suitable than sand for making furrows, since water passes through it at a slower speed. In addition, sand does not hold furrows for long, as it is more vulnerable to erosion than clay, which sets in place and forms a crust upon drying.
The risk of soil erosion is directly proportional to the magnitude of the pending, and this is also related to soil conditions. At specific values, the least soil erosion and the most efficient drainage can be achieved with a slope that is between the 0.05 and the 0.5 percent.
One of the most common tips to get a better and more efficient plow is to perform furrows that reach the ends of the terrain, although once again the type of soil may prevent putting it into practice: the clay it is suitable for preserving the shape of large furrows, but the same is not the case for sand.
Retaking the depth furrows, it is worth mentioning that it is one of the most important properties of the plow. Although there are limits that respond to issues such as the characteristics of the machines available and, as mentioned above, the type of soil, a greater depth always protects the seeds from heavy rains, preventing the water from spoiling the crops. A good farmer must develop an intuition such that it allows him to trace the furrows thinking about all this, since his economy depends on it.
For the anatomy, the grooves are folds or cracks that exist in the organs. Humans have grooves in the skeleton, digestive system, ear and mouth, among other parts of the body.
Groove is also the name given to the wrinkles that are formed in the skin by the time: “I am ninety-three years old, there is no room for new furrows on my face.”, “The furrows that ran through his skin revealed his advanced age”, “The dermatologist recommended a cream that helps to hide the furrows”.
The notion can also be used symbolically to refer to the Mark that something leaves: “The death of Don Esteban left a furrow in my heart”, “Today I lead a happy life, although I must admit that those years of childhood caused a furrow in me”.
On Peru, two exists districts which are called Groove: Santiago de Surco (in the province of lime) and Saint Jerome of Surco (province of Huarochirí).