The word government mentions the development of a can of the State and / or the leadership leadership in general. According to the theory, a government is defined as the body that, as recognized by the Constitution, assumes the responsibilities of the executive branch and concentrates political power to lead a certain society. Generally, it is made up of a President or Prime Minister and a certain number of Ministers, Secretaries and other officials.

It is important to note that government does not mean the same as State: a government manages to come to power (in the case of the democracy, through free elections), exercises its task and retires, but the State always endures in the same way and is unalterable in the face of successive governments. In other words, it can be said that the government is a group where various bodies are brought together that lead to a State, through which the state power governed and controlled by the legal order is reflected.

White House

The government of a country has the political power to administer the state and lead society.

Forms of government

History indicates that the first governments were formed in the tribe, with the intention of efficiently coordinating the human Resources. Over the years, the government function would end up being segmented into three powers: the Executive power, which acts as a coordinating entity; the Legislative power, in charge of generating the laws and norms that govern life in a certain territory; and the Power of attorney, whose task is to ensure compliance with said laws and regulations.

Among the different forms of government, mention may be made of the democracy (where, through direct or indirect participation mechanisms, the people elect their representatives) and the monarchy (where the supreme position of a State is for life and is usually designated through a hereditary order).


In a democracy, elections are the mechanism that allows a political party to access the government.

Access to power and method of direction

The ways in which a government assumes its mandate can be diverse. In the case of a republic is decided through suffrage, all citizens vote to choose the best candidate to fill the position; in the case of monarchies the position is obtained by ties of blood or divine will. If it is a de facto government, the position is taken by force by a group that believes that the current government is not doing its job well.

The term also refers to method through which a political group leads a people. To govern a society, this group uses legitimately constituted state bodies to make laws and put them into practice.

Debates on the ideal government

Throughout history there have been multiple theories about which is the most recommended form of government and different options have been tried. Theorizing which individuals are the most apt to exercise the supreme position in power.

In Ancient Greece, Plato claimed that there were six possible forms of government and that among all of them, some of them extremely corrupt such as the oligarchy, there was timocracy (a concept that he devised) and that referred to a type of transitional government that was between the traditional forms of government and the ideals.

For Aristotle The aspects that it was necessary to analyze in order to understand whether a government was recommendable or not was whether the fundamental objective of the government was to seek the common interest or its own. He proposed as an ideal government the monarchy because even though it was a “wealthy” government, it used to have as its primary goal to achieve stability and social harmony.

The vision of Machiavelli and Saint Thomas

Subsequently, Machiavelli He will state in his work “The Prince” that all the governments that had existed so far were republicans or principalities and that possibly no ideology could be considered ideal, unless the good principles of the other forms could be fused in it. That is, it proposed a type of mixed government, where monarchy, aristocracy and democracy coexist in this way, the powers of each of them would control the exercises of the others and avoid abuses, if necessary.

For his part St Thomas, affirming in the medieval theories affirms that the ideal government must be one where the power is concentrated in a single person, as the human body is ruled by a single soul, and a single god governs the Universe. This concept is strongly opposed to the anarchyHowever, it ensures the right of the people to political arbitrariness, in case the monarch does not correctly comply with his mandates.

Constitutional and unconstitutional governments

As we have said previously a constitutional government it is governed by a series of laws dictated by legitimately chosen bodies. They have the characteristic that several parties stand for elections and are fairly elected. The party that receives the most votes will lead the government, the rest of the parties will occupy different percentages in the chamber of deputies and senators, so that power is divided equally and there is no monopoly government. In addition, the government must bind to existing laws and render an account of all the actions it takes. These requirements make the State a democratic entity of law. These governments include the system of government presidential, parliamentary or semi-presidential.

A facto government (dictatorships), meanwhile, is unconstitutional because to exist it must ignore the laws that govern the harmony and coexistence of that society. These governments, therefore, do not represent the ideas of the people but of a small group of society that through violence dismisses the current ruler to occupy his post.
A de facto government can arise in several ways: through a coup or by a revolution or other de facto procedure that is unrelated to the legal system.
As examples of this type of government we can mention that of Frank in Spain during the Civil War of 1936, in Algeria during the time of Independence and in Latin America in countries like Chile and Argentina in the ’70s.