Is called glyphosate yet herbicide of widespread use that, according to various studies, could be carcinogenic for him human being. For this reason, its use is often the subject of debate and controversy in different areas.
This substance, called N-phosphonomethylglycine according to the nomenclature of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (whose acronym in English is IUPAC), is specifically the active ingredient of various herbicides. It works by inhibiting a enzyme which has a key role in the development and subsistence of plants.
Glyphosate can be injected into stems or trunks or applied to leaves. By inhibiting the enzyme and affecting the synthesis of amino acids, the growth of the plant is interrupted and the specimen ends up dying after wilting.
The commercialization of glyphosate began in 1970, when the company Monsanto started selling the herbicide Roundup. Since then, they spread more than 8,600 million kilograms glyphosate in fields throughout the world, according to the figures of Greenpeace. At present, more than a hundred of the commercial herbicides for commercial use in Spain officially authorized for gardening, forestry and agriculture contain glyphosate.
The World Health Organization (who) rated glyphosate as “Probably carcinogenic” for the people. Farmers and their families, therefore, could be at risk. But glyphosate also affects the rest of the population and the environment, since the substance penetrates the soil and reaches the water, so that it is present in many of the foods we consume every day.
Despite the warnings of the who, Monsanto maintains that glyphosate has a “low risk” for the Health since the enzyme that it inhibits is not present in humans or animals. It also states that there is research that defines it as a product “Practically non-toxic”.
In short, millions of hectares of farmland and parks are sprayed with glyphosate each year. When it penetrates the soil, it reaches not only our food but also the Water what are we drinking. Despite the dozens of complaints that have tried to ban its use in agriculture with real stories of deaths or poisoning, the product continues in force around the world.
As mentioned in a previous paragraph, the WHO came to consider the potential carcinogenic effects of glyphosate for animals, but this has never resulted in a final measure, that is, in its prohibition. Another of the supposed harmful effects on health is the alteration of the endocrine system, which negatively affects reproduction.
The main risk groups for glyphosate are the individuals who use it in their workplace and their families, especially children. Regardless of the type of diet that we have, almost all human beings are exposed to the risks of this herbicide, since its contamination has a considerable scope, affecting animal and plant, terrestrial and aquatic species.
Greenpeace proposes to solve the glyphosate problem through the farming ecological, the most appropriate option to protect health while respecting the environment. In both organic farming, gardening and forestry, various control techniques exist to prevent weed growth and the proliferation of insect pests.
For example, instead of using synthetic herbicides, we resort to elimination, both mechanical and manual, to crop rotation and even grazing. In addition, when the spontaneous plants are found in the adjacent areas of the crops they have a great utility: to feed the bees and other pollinating species and also to give shelter to those that collaborate with the control of pests naturally, as they feed on insects that affect crops.