A genocide is he systematic extermination of a social group, motivated by race issues, religion, ethnicity, politics or nationality. It is a mass murder that seeks the elimination of the group and that, even, it can include measures to avoid the births.
Hence, the aforementioned genocide is considered the most serious and extensive act of what is called ethnic cleansing. In other words, trying to achieve that in a country or in a specific territory it is possible to end the presence of people who are considered “inferior” for reasons of race or religion, among other characteristics.
The studies carried out so far, and especially by figures such as the historian Michael Mann, have led to the knowledge of absolutely tragic figures. Thus, it is estimated that throughout history, genocides carried out in different corners of the world have resulted in the death of more than 60 million people.
Genocide is usually carried out by a government in charge of the power of State. It is considered as a international crime that can be judged by the competent bodies in the matter.
Historians claim that Raphael lemkin was in charge of developing the concept of genocide, by uniting the Greek root genos (“family”, “tribe”) and the Latin word cide (from cidere, “kill”). Lemkin he was in charge of proposing that international norms condemn and punish the genocidal.
The definition of genocide, however, is not exact. Jurists affirm that genocide differs from that linked to a war, where the objective is to disarm the enemy and not to exterminate him. Moreover, genocide is not the same as serial murder, since it denies the right of existence of a human group (serial murder, on the other hand, is a periodic murder of isolated people).
In the case of Spain, the genocide cases that have been brought to court refer to the deaths caused both during the Civil War and in the subsequent period, in the postwar period, during which the country was in the hands of the dictator Francisco Frank.
However, we cannot ignore the fact that throughout history there have been cases of genocide that have demonstrated the cruelty of the human being. One of the most famous and largest was the one that took place in Rwanda in the 1990s.
Specifically in this African corner, what took place is the attempt to end the Tutsi population by those who were in power at that time, the members of the Hutu government.
The Armenian genocide (1915–1917), with the death of a million and a half people, and the Holocaust executed by Nazism (with about six million dead) are historical examples of genocide. It should be noted that, in both cases, there are historians and political groups that try to minimize or even deny the scope of the massacre, despite numerous historical evidence.