The etymological origin of the term gendarme is found in Latin and we can establish that it is the result of the sum of three lexical components:
-The noun “gens”, which means “people”.
-The “de” particle.
-The word “arm”, which can be translated as “weapon”.
In this sense, it must be established that the origin of the use of this term can already be found in the Middle Ages. And it is that at that time there was talk of “gentlemen” who had the peculiarity that they always fought wearing full armor.
A gendarme is a member of a police force existing in several countries, whose job is to ensure the security and the order. The body of gendarmes is called gendarmerie.
The powers and functions of the gendarmes depend on each nation. In Argentina, the National Gendarmerie It is a police force but of a military nature: that is why it is considered an intermediate force. It was created in 1938 to provide security to the inhabitants of remote areas and to secure the borders.
There are currently more than 80,000 Argentine gendarmes dedicated to take care of strategic sites. These gendarmes provide services in the fields of internal security and national defense. They also participate in missions of peace and foreign policy security.
The Chilean GendarmerieMeanwhile, it is a penitentiary institution. It is in charge of the security of the prisons, working for the fulfillment of sentences and the social reintegration of the detainees. The Chilean gendarmes, therefore, take care of the jails and also buildings belonging to the Power of attorney.
In Mexico, the National Gendarmerie is a force created in 2014 from the division of the Federal police. It has about 10,000 gendarmes who fight organized crime and seek to guarantee public safety.
French gendarmes, meanwhile, carry out police missions in peri-urban and rural areas. Among its functions are the provision of assistance in emergency cases, the search for those who violated criminal law and the application of the law.
In addition to all the above, we must take into account the existence of several films that have the word in question in their title. This would be the case, for example, of “El Gendarme de Saint-Tropez”. This is a French-Italian comedy that premiered in 1964 under the direction of the filmmaker Jean Girault.
It is part of the saga of six films entitled “The Gendarme” and tells the story of a gendarme who, thanks to the experience and work he has done over the years, is promoted and sent as chief sergeant to a gendarmerie in Saint-Tropez where you will find yourself having to solve the most picturesque situations. The actor in charge of bringing this character to life is Louis de Funès.
In other countries, there are forces that act as military police but they do not receive the Name gendarmerie, such as the Spanish Civil Guard and the National Guard of Venezuela.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of a brand of perfumes and colognes that goes by the name of Gendarme. This is specialized mainly in products for men such as Gendarme V.