The concept from gazette can come from two different etymological sources: Italian gazzetta or french cassette. In the first case, the term refers to a periodical publication, while in the second case it refers to a refractory box.
A gazette, therefore, can be a daily or a weekly where administrative, commercial or other news are announced. The origins of the notion are found in a newspaper that emerged at the beginning of the XVII century on Venice, and then went on to name any type of publication that is presented with a certain periodicity.
In the 7th century, Venice was considered the most important point in European negotiations in terms of politics. The original name of the gazette derives from the one that received a currency of copper with which each copy of this type of publication could be bought.
It is important to note that the original idea for the gazette did not originate in Italy but, like many other creations, was born in China. They had been publishing the news in this format, which also included the complete list of punishments and graces that the emperor imposed or granted to his vassals.
Just as other European countries did not take long to adopt the idea brought by the Venetians from China, little by little this spread to the rest of the world. One of the main changes that the gazette went through over the years was the increase in the frequency with which it was published, until reaching a daily periodicity, which led to the emergence of the name “daily” to designate this format in some countries.
It can be said that gazette is synonymous with Newspaper or even daily. Throughout history, however, many publications carried the specific name of gazette.
The first French gazettes, for example, were published in 1631 under the editorship of Theophaster Renaudot, a medical professional. About three decades later, gazettes devoted to literature emerged in France.
On Spain there was the Madrid Gazette, a weekly publication in which the government disseminated official information. It appeared in the middle of the seventeenth century and was marketed on a weekly basis; each issue offered news from both the national and the rest of the world along its four pages. Over the years, the Madrid Gazette led to the State official newsletter.
At first, the purpose of the Madrid Gazette was to publish the decrees, regulations and laws of the executive power, the central offices and the Supreme Courts, as well as other resolutions and provisions. The authorities of the time gave the reading of this information a mandatory character since it was a governmental body official.
The Buenos Aires GazetteOn the other hand, it was the first newspaper to be printed in Argentina. Edited between 1810 Y 1821, was born to spread the decrees and the official resolutions of the First Governing Board, in addition to general news. Its main driver was Mariano Moreno.
The Mexico Gazette and the Guatemala Gazette were other informative organs of the authorities that, centuries ago, were published in the American continent. The first Mexican gazette was published in 1722, when the country was still known as New Spain.s
The refractory gazetteOn the other hand, it is a container that is used inside the oven to protect the pieces while they are being cooked. Its purpose is to preserve the whiteness of the ceramics or porcelain, isolating the pieces from direct fire, ashes and smoke.