In order to know the meaning of the term gangrene, it is necessary, first of all, to discover its etymological origin. Thus, we can underline that it derives from Latin, specifically from “gangraena”, which, in turn, emanates from the Greek “gangraina” and was used as a synonym for the death of tissues and their corresponding putrefaction.
This is how the death of a tissue in the absence of blood supply.
Gangrene usually occurs when a wound becomes infected, cells die, and the tissue rot. Once gangrene appears, the affected tissues are lost forever (they cannot be recovered).
Circulatory problems, diabetes, and exposed fractures can cause gangrene. If it is internal, the person may experience pain and have a fever. Gangrene in the skin, on the other hand, it is revealed by the numbness, the spots and the ulcers.
In order to diagnose gangrene, it is necessary to submit the patient to different tests. Specifically, it will be necessary to carry out everything from a blood test to a blood culture, as well as a pus test. However, it is also common to carry out different radiological examinations.
When gangrene breaks out due to lack of circulation of the blood in a certain area, without another secondary infection, there is talk of dry gangrene. On the other hand, if gangrene arises as a result of an infection caused by a bacterium, it is called wet gangrene. Another kind of gangrene is gaseous or foamy gangrene what causes the bacteria Clostridium perfringens, with which the skin is detached to pieces giving off a nauseating smell.
To prevent the advance of gangrene, in ancient times it was appealed to larvae that ate the dead meat and did not affect the living tissue. Over the years, they emerged antibiotics that make it possible to treat wounds more effectively.
Treatment of gangrene must be urgent. In addition to antibiotics, it may include debridement (surgical removal of dead tissues) and even amputation of the affected area.
Specifically, among the antibiotics that work the most and best to fight gangrene are Clindamycin, Penicillin, Chloramphenicol and Tetracycline, among others.
Likewise, we cannot ignore other treatments that can be used to address this problem, such as blood vessel surgery, also known as angioplasty, and worm therapy. This, which is also called biological therapy or Maggot therapy, and is based on treatments from centuries ago.
Specifically, it consists of the use of worms, which are raised in a special way in laboratories using sterilized eggs. These are placed on the wound in question, covered with gauze and after a few days the said gauze and said animals are removed. Specifically, what they do is kill bacteria and thus promote healing.