Before entering fully to analyze the term play At present it is important that we proceed previously to establish its etymological origin. In this sense we can determine what is found in Latin and more exactly in the word iocus which is synonymous with joke.

The recreational activity that has the participation of one or more participants is known as play. Its main function is to provide entertainment and fun, although it can also meet a educational paper. Games are said to help the mental stimulation and physical, in addition to contributing to the development of practical skills and psychological.

The game can be defined by both the objective that his players try to reach as per the Set of rules that determine what these players can do.


Sports activities can be taken as a game or for a competitive purpose.

Game types

There are many types of games: role (where the participant assumes a certain role or specific personality), strategy (entertainment that requires intelligence and planning, such as Chess waves ladies), from desk (as the name implies, they need support for people to play), playing cards (poker, black Jack) and video game (computer programs that need an electronic device), among others.

In the same way, we cannot forget what are known as popular or traditional games. These are those that have been passed from generation to generation over time and that despite everything continue to amuse and entertain children of all ages.

Thus, for example, among the best-known games that can be included in this category we find that of jumping rope, the so-called game of handkerchief, marbles, spinning top or spinning top, sack races, pilla pilla or the rubber game.


Electronic games seduce young and old.

Entertainment for adults and children

However, we cannot ignore the fact that there are many of these traditional games that are not aimed at children, but rather adults who have fun with them. This would be the case, for example, of the well-known game of petanque, the Basque pelota that is typical of the Basque Country or the game of the frog, which receives different names depending on the country in which it is played.

Children’s games, on the other hand, may involve the use of a toy (although it is not essential). A toy is an object that can be used individually or in combination with others. Although some are associated with particular historical periods or cultures, others are universally popular. The main purpose of the toy is the recreation, but it also helps the training, the learning and the developing of the child.

Play in mathematics and literature

It should be noted, on the other hand, that there is a discipline of mathematics known as games theory, which uses models to analyze interactions in formalized incentive structures and to carry out decision processes.

Finally, we must add that in recent times a fantastic literary saga entitled “Game of Thrones” has become very successful around the world. The American George RR Martin is the author of it.