Forecast is a term that comes from Latin prognosticum, although its most remote origin is in the Greek language. The concept refers to the action and effect of forecasting (know him future through certain clues).
For instance: “The weather forecast anticipates rains for the night”, “My forecast is that Brazil will win by three to zero”, “The Quentin Tarantino film met the predictions and won the statuette”.
The notion of prognosis is common in meteorology. These are the forecasts that, according to the study of atmospheric conditions, indicate what will happen with the climate in the coming days. In this way, the forecast can predict sunny or rainy days, anticipate hail fall, warn of strong winds, etc. Although it uses various devices and satellites and is based on scientific information, the weather forecast is not infallible, since conditions can change without prior indications.
A forecast can also be a forecast or a hunch about an event. Before a match of soccer, the experts can predict what the result will be, according to the background of each team and the personal situation of each player, trying to anticipate their influence on the match.
The Medical prognosis It is the judgment of a health professional about the changes that can occur in the course of a disease. The prognosis anticipates its possible duration according to the symptoms that are evident in the patient. It is known as reserved forecast to the one that is uncertain or that presupposes a negative outcome: “The victim has a reserved prognosis after the emergency operation”.
The qualification of a disease is known as clinical judgment, and is obtained through evaluating all the signs and symptom presented by a patient, in addition to the information that emerges from complementary tests, such as physical examination and clinical tests, with the aim of estimating a diagnosis, the patient’s condition and the most effective treatment for each specific case. The medical prognosis is one of the types of clinical judgment, and tries to anticipate the events that could take place if the anticipated disease progresses.
It is known as prognostic factors to the series of variables that are obtained from the realization of clinical studies, which are carried out based on a particular disease with the aim of analyzing the symptoms of a patient, as well as the diagnostic tests that have been done. These factors lead to the estimation of the most appropriate treatment.
The medical prognosis can be expressed in two ways:
* qualitative, that is, through a qualification such as well, intermediate or bad, O well mild, moderate or serious. Also in this group is the reserved forecast, which, given its uncertain and hidden nature, tends to suggest that the state of Health of the patient is very serious;
* quantitative, for which survival or mortality rates and percentage values are usually used.
Giving a patient a hopeless prognosis is not an easy task, although it is the right of anyone to know their state of health and their chances of being cured or surviving, depending on the case. Although cinema and television usually take advantage of this type of situation to generate humorous moments, it is about a crucial point in the relationship between a doctor and his patients, since it depends on the way in which the latter face their treatments.
Telling a person that they have less than a 5% chance of survival, or that they will not stay alive for more than a few months is really difficult, but history has repeatedly shown that willpower can surprise even health experts, so it is very important to communicate this type of information trying not to lead the patient directly to their destruction.