The fingerprint, a term that can also be accentuated in the second I (fingerprint), is the discipline dedicated to fingerprint analysis. Its techniques allow to identify individuals.
According to experts, fingerprint is among the most reliable procedures for ID of a human being. This is due to the characteristics of the fingerprints or digital, which are the impressions left by the fingertip on an item when you touch it.
The drawing of the fingertips arises in intrauterine life and is distinctive of each individual. These lines are immutable and just begin to disappear with rot post mortem. Certain injuries Deep depths can alter the drawings, although scars are also elements of identification.
Given these particularities, the Condition takes care of register fingerprints of citizens to enable their identification. In this context, fingerprints become important, which allows obtaining, registering, classifying and recognizing people’s fingerprints.
For many years, the most common method of obtaining a fingerprint was by impregnating a finger with a coloring substance and then pressing the yolk on a paper or cardboard. Today fingerprinting uses digital tools to capture, print and store the He drew.
The Automated Fingerprint Identification System (known by the acronym AFIS) is a fingerprint resource used to compare and recognize fingerprints. This computer file collects the fingerprints of the persons with a criminal record: if investigators working at a crime scene manage to collect some fingerprints, they can send the information to AFIS and contrast it with the data already recorded. This could allow the criminal to be identified.
Fingerprint is a branch of the lofoscopy (also known as lofoscopy or papiloscopy within the scope of criminology, and how dermatoglyph in zoology and medicine), a science that is responsible for the study of the designs that form the papillary ridges, which are located on the surface of the skin of the parts of the body that we use to perceive tactile stimuli, to exercise the prehensile function and for locomotion.
This discipline is the most popular and used in research pertaining to the criminology, the discipline that consists of the analysis of a series of indications in order to solve a crime, that is, to find the greatest amount of data about the perpetrators, the victims, the motivations and the potential consequences.
As mentioned above, the use of computer systems to capture, store and compare fingerprints of citizens have left behind methods “Manuals”. One of the greatest advantages offered to law enforcement agencies is a considerable increase in speed when comparing a fingerprint with all those present in the database.
As if this were not enough, today police departments can request access to databases from anywhere in the world if the investigation requires it, such as when the criminal is suspected of coming from a foreign country. Of course, in practice, the bureaucracy and the laws make this process much less immediate than it seems in theory.
Broadly speaking, we can differentiate three epochs in the history fingerprint: the prehistoric, according to certain drawings found in very old caves; the empirical, with endless digital impressions of the Greeks and Romans that can be seen in documents used at the time to identify people; the scientific, when the human being began to apply scientific knowledge and laboratory instruments in this area.