The concept of evaluation it means to the action and the consequence of evaluating, a verb whose etymology goes back to French evaluer and what allows indicate, assess, establish, appreciate or calculate the importance of a certain thing or matter.
As expressed Maccario it is an act where you should pass judgment around a set of information and a decision must be made according to the results presented by a student.
For his part Teleña pile says that it consists of an operation that is performed within the educational activity and that aims to achieve continuous improvement of a group of students. Through it, exact information on the results achieved by that student during a given period is obtained, establishing comparisons between the planned goals at the beginning of the period and those achieved by the student.
The school evaluation
An evaluation can also be understood as a exam proposed in the school environment for the teacher to rate the knowledge, the aptitudes and the performance of his students. For instance: “Tomorrow I have a literature evaluation” or “Today I was evaluated in Social Sciences”.
At a systematic level, the educational evaluation aims to know in a systematic way what are the achievements achieved in the school period, these objectives respond to lasting changes in the behavior or knowledge of the subjects.
exist various approaches To carry out an evaluation, each one of them has an objective that they wish to analyze and to which they respond for its realization.
It is important to note that, at an academic level, there is no single way to carry out an evaluation: it all depends on the purpose being pursued and the theoretical foundation in which it is contextualized. The evaluation, in fact, can be extended to the institutions, the resume, the teaching staff and the entire educational system.
Two could be mentioned evaluation paradigms: the character positivist, which is based on a quantitative perspective, and the alternative, which disbelieves in the objectivity of the evaluation.
However, there are different types of evaluations that go beyond the academic or school environment. The environmental evaluation, for example, it enables a planner to be assured that the development options he is considering are environmentally sound.
Different kinds of evaluation
The psychopedagogical profile evaluation, for its part, is a procedure that responds to a pre-established scheme and is developed constantly. It offers the possibility of analyzing the level of development of the student and the changes that occur in him from education and his interaction with the social environment.
You can also mention the quality assessment, a process that performs a company or organization to monitor quality control activities.
You can make a context assessment: where the objectives and the means to achieve them are determined. The expected of what has been achieved is studied comparatively.
Study of needs and processes
A needs assessment used in the project implies an analysis of the resources, the means and the implementation of them.
The process evaluation is the one that focuses on the results obtained, based on the methods employees and the progression curve where difficulties, decisions and objectives are unified.
To be able to analyze an evaluation, be it learning, production or whatever, it is necessary perform various modes of analysis to know your decisions made around the planning (programs, implementation and controls) are correct).