Before entering fully into the meaning of the term estrogen, let’s know its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it is a word that derives from Greek, since it is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language:
-The noun “estrus”, which can be translated as “zeal of mammals”.
-The name “geno”, which is synonymous with “lineage”.
It is called estrogen to one hormone produced by ovaries and other structures that favor the development of secondary female sexual characteristics. It’s about a steroid that comes from cholesterol.
Although ovaries are the main producers of estrogens, these hormones are also secreted by the Kidney glands and, in pregnancy, by placenta. Estradiol, estrone, and estriol are types of estrogens.
Estrogens enter the cell nucleus after crossing the membrane of the cell. There, depending on the case, they deactivate or activate certain genes and regulate protein synthesis.
The highest concentration of estrogens occurs in the first seven days of the menstrual cycle. These hormones induce cell proliferation on the ovaries, breasts and other sectors of the body. body. Pubic hair and other secondary sexual characteristics, for example, grow when the level of estrogen increases.
Estrogens, in short, affect the appearance of menstruation, the development of the hips and the growth of the breasts, among other issues. From the puberty and until menopause, the presence of estrogens in the female body is stable, unless there is a disease. With menopause, the amount of estrogen is reduced and that is why menstruation disappears.
During menopause, the fact that a woman experiences a considerable drop in her estrogen level brings with it a series of notable consequences. Among these we can highlight from problems falling asleep to significant mood swings through a clear decrease in sexual desire. However, other consequences can also occur such as the appearance of bone-related problems, such as osteoporosis.
In addition, it is very common for women to experience continuous hot flashes and to even find themselves with significant vaginal dryness. Not forgetting that certain cardiovascular problems usually appear.
Pigmentation and regeneration skin, strengthening the bone system and controlling cholesterol are other functions of estrogens.
In addition to those indicated, we can establish that there are other important functions that estrogens perform, among which we can highlight the following:
-They are responsible for preventing the loss of calcium.
-They contribute to the strengthening of what the nails are.
-Not less relevant is that they also exercise their function to ensure that the regularity of the urinary frequency is maintained.
-Favor what is the blood flow.
It should be noted that various beliefs about the functioning of estrogens have changed or have been questioned with the advancement of the science. Its impact on emotions, self-esteem and sexual arousal has been the subject of research.