The Latin word equīnus arrived in Castilian as equine. This term can be used as adjective to refer to everything related to horse and how noun to refer specifically to a animal belonging to the so-called equine species (which includes the horse).

The equines or equidae are part of the set of perissodactyls, whose specimens are corpulent, have an odd number of fingers – the middle finger being the one with the greatest development – and present hooves in the termination of its extremities. What characterizes equines, and differentiates them from the rest of the perissodactyls, is that each limb ends in a single finger.


Horses are the best known equines.

Equine types

Currently only one genus of equine survives, called Equus, which arose in the period Quaternary A few ago 2.59 million years. But long ago there were other now extinct genera, which are now known thanks to the discovery of fossils in different places.

Various species of horses, zebras Y donkeys (asses) are the current exponents of the genre Equus and, therefore, of equines in general. While zebras live in the wild, donkeys and horses were domesticated by humans, although some undomesticated species persist.

Beyond their differences, all equines share characteristics, such as the fact that they have elongated legs that end in a single finger covered by the helmet (a large nail). They also have a slim body.


The best known equine is the horse. It’s about a animal long-necked herbivore with manes (bristles) on its back.

The female horse is called horse. The young, meanwhile, are called fillies or fillies (when are they females) Y foals or foals (males).


Among equines, zebras stand out for their stripes.

The domestication of this equine took place around the year 3600 BC in the Asian continent. The man uses the horse as a pack animal or means of transport and in different sports activities (horse riding, racing or turf, etc.). Even in many countries its meat.

It is possible to recognize many horse breeds, As the Arabian Horse, the Andalusian, the Breton, the Creole, the friesian and the peruvian passing through. According to cap (the Colour fur), on the other hand, one can distinguish between chestnut horses, chestnut Y thrushes, among many others.

Donkeys and zebras, other kinds of equine

The donkey or donkey it is an equine less strong and fast than the horse and generally smaller, but more resistant and long-lived. Their use as pack animals is frequent in rural areas, although in recent decades they have been replaced by machines.

The zebra it stands out for its white stripes on a black background. Unlike horses and donkeys, it has not been domesticated with success.

It should be noted that there are several hybrids of equines. In this sense we can name the mule (crossing of a donkey and a mare), the hinny (horse and donkey), the cebrallo (zebra and mare) and the zebra (donkey and zebra).