District is a term that comes from Latin districtus which, in turn, has its origin in the word I will distract (“pull apart”). The concept is used to name the delimitations that allow to subdivide a territorial region to organize the administration, the public function and the rights of the political and civil type.
For instance: “The official candidate prevailed in the most populated district of the province”, “The residents of the district are concerned about the increase in theft cases”, “We are lucky to live in the most developed district of the city, with modern industries and quality infrastructure”.
District according to country
The definition of district varies according to country. In Paraguay, a district is the smallest political-administrative constituency, since it is a subdivision of a department. The Capital district It is not part of any of the Paraguayan departments: it is the national capital, Assumption.
In Peru, the districts have the same particularity regarding their political-administrative condition. In this case, the districts are subdivisions of a province. In Costa Rica, the districts are third-level entities according to the national political organization.
Classification according to type
In addition to all the above, we find the fact that there are different types of districts. Thus, in the first place, we can talk about what is known as electoral districts, which are those divisions that take place within a country due to the elections that take place there.
A clear example is the sixty districts into which Chile is divided for the holding of the aforementioned elections. In this way, it is established that each of those must elect two deputies and two senators to represent them and form part of the National Congress.
On the other hand, we cannot ignore talking about what is known as municipal districts, which are those parts into which a city or municipality is divided simply for mere administration issues. In the case of Spain, for example, it is established that provincial capitals with more than 175,000 inhabitants, municipalities with more than 250,000 residents and also the capitals of autonomous communities with more than 175,000 inhabitants will have this type of district.
However, it is also determined that all those cities with more than 75,000 residents that their municipalities so decide taking into account certain important factors may have municipal districts.
In this way, we find as examples of cities with districts of this category to Alcalá de Henares, Barcelona, Granada, Madrid, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Seville, Granada or Jerez de la Frontera, among others.
A federal district
It is known as federal District, on the other hand, to the space that is directed by a Condition sovereign and federal, but not part of any province or other subdivision of said federation. This means that the central state has exclusive and direct jurisdiction over the federal district, although it usually delegates certain functions to a government regional.
The Mexico Federal District, also know as Mexico DF or Mexico City, It is the capital of Mexico and head of the various federal powers of the country, constituting the most populated urban agglomeration in America.