Dengue is the name of a disease contagious and of type epidemic produced by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus, which have their habitat in accumulations of water. Dengue symptoms include fever, pain in the limbs, and rashes.
These mosquitoes usually appear in regions of tropical climate, but its presence has spread to much of the world where climatic conditions are warm. As the Aedes aegypti lays its eggs in the WaterIt is vital to remove accumulations of standing water in buckets, jars, or other objects to prevent dengue from spreading.
The females of the Aedes aegypti They are the ones that itch and can transmit the dengue virus. They generally do not move more than a hundred meters from where they have laid their eggs, which means that those who live surrounded by stagnant water have a greater chance of contracting the virus.
The incubation period of dengue it usually lasts between five and eight days. The irruption of the viral picture characterizes from headache, muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, elevated body temperature, and skin rashes. Less common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, and nosebleeds.
It should be noted that the most serious variety of dengue can lead to death for the damage it causes in the organs and for the severe bleeding.
Since there is no certified vaccine against the disease, the best way to prevent dengue is by fighting the mosquito. Prevent stagnant water from accumulating, place mosquito nets in Windows and using repellants are some of the measures to take.
Every year, in countries where dengue cases are common, hundreds of volunteers set out to educate the population about different methods of treatment. prevention dengue fever, as well as to collaborate with those who suffer from it. There are both government agencies and international organizations and groups of civilians that combine their efforts to combat this disease, which claims many lives.
Are bells They are not only done in summer, but also in winter; The idea is to offer a deep understanding of the actions that attract mosquitoes, to promote a change in lifestyle that prevents the spread of dengue. It should be mentioned that this represents a great mobilization, both on the part of the government and the people, since a previous training of volunteers, who must be prepared to transmit the information, but also to evacuate doubts and know how to guide and advise the participants.
Some of the commonly used methods for education against dengue includes the dissemination of advice through posters and explanatory brochures handed out on public roads, as well as talks in schools and community kitchens. An attempt is made to focus efforts on those sectors of the population that are most in need, since they are the most likely to lack drinking water and tend to live in poorly built houses or in a state of disrepair, which makes it impossible to maintain the necessary level of asepsis. to health.
One of the most useful tips is to make sure that you do not leave containers capable of collecting water in open spaces, such as patios and gardens, as they represent a potential hatchery of Aedes aegypti and albopictus; It can be disused flowerpots, cans, or even tires. Another very important point is to get rid of the waste as soon as possible, although in some cases, when strikes by collectors take place, there is little the citizens can do. The frequency of these campaigns is usually lower in times of low temperatures, since the danger of contagion is less.