When undertaking the analysis of the noun job It is important that, prior to determining its meaning, we make the exposition of its etymological origin. Specifically this is found in Latin, and more exactly in the word tripalĭum.
The theoretical definition of the concept of job it can be analyzed from different perspectives. A basic approach presents this word as the assessment of the effort made by a human being. However, from the neoclassical perspective of economy, to cite another case by way of example, the work consists of one of the three elements that determine all production, as with the Earth and the money.
A remunerated action or activity
In this way, and approaching what all citizens usually understand by work, we can determine that this concept can be used in two very frequent ways. Thus, on the one hand, we refer to it as the action carried out by a person who is in charge of carrying out a series of tasks or activities, either on a physical or intellectual level.
And on the other hand, we use this same term to refer to any occupation that a man or a woman has outside of their home for which they receive a monthly economic allowance. Thus, for example, we could use the following example: “Luisa has a job as a waitress in a downtown bar.”
From forced labor to wage labor
If you go back to remote ages, you can see that before slavery, a forced labor that occurs when an individual exerts subjugations on another and prevents him from making decisions and performing with his own will. From the middle of the 19th century, the levels of slavery began to decrease and this modality was declared as illegal. Since then, salaried work It became the most common form of employment.
This conception of the notion of work leads to the understanding that when an individual performs a certain productive activity rewards it with salary, which is the price that is placed within the workplace for the work that he carries out. The employment relationship between the person offering employment and the worker is conditioned and supported by different laws and covenants, although there are also in everyday life cases of what is called work in black (Those hiring carried out illegally that allow to exploit and profit from the workers).
Other forms of employment that can be detected globally are the productive self-employment (through which the liberal professions and commerce are exercised, for example), the informal survival work and the servitude, among other.
Although the work ad honorem that does not imply the granting of a monetary remuneration (generally carried out for social or educational purposes) is a reality, it is considered that work is an activity that is carried out in exchange for a economic consideration. That is why there is a phrase that states that “Work is what you would not do if you were not paid for it”.
I work as a physical place and as a punishment
However, in addition to all that has already been stated, it must be emphasized that work is a noun that has many other meanings. In this way it is also used to refer to what is the place itself where the development of the occupation takes place. An example could be this: “Miguel was not at home, he was at work.”
And all this without forgetting either that there is a series of expressions that use the concept at hand as a fundamental part. Thus, there is also talk of forced labor, which is what people who are in certain prisons perform in a forced manner and as part of their sentence.