It is called welfare to a way of toasting assistance: help, collaboration or support. The concept is usually used, in a general way, with respect to the obligation of governments to assist their citizens to meet basic needs when people cannot do it on their own.
Due to various economic and social issues, it is common for many individuals to be unable to meet their essential expenses (related to housing, health, education, etc.). Thats why he Condition you have to assist them. This particularity establishes a dependency relationship that violates individual dignity: the subject depends on the State, more precisely on the rulers who administer it, to survive.
In this way, welfarism acquires a negative charge. People need the assistance of the government, which is unfailingly strengthened by it. Welfare, in this framework, consists of deliver resources to citizens to satisfy some of their needs, but without favoring their emancipation from state dependence. In other words: rulers may find it convenient to develop aid schemes for the poor so that they pay them with their vote in elections with the intention of continuing to obtain clothing and food. On the other hand, if they generated genuine jobs and social reintegration platforms that allowed the most deprived individuals to access vocational training and a decent wage, they could satisfy their own needs.
In this quest to guarantee low-income citizens their right to lead a life worthy, with access to the same basic services as the rest of the population, the government usually opens the doors to some of the following: a home, to prevent them from continuing on the streets; spaces where you can carry out your personal hygiene; personal hygiene items, such as shampoo, soap, and perfume; medical care; community kitchens; laundry.
Returning to the negative effects that welfare can have on the growth Of the individuals who take advantage of it, some experts assure that the comfort that aid brings them and the inevitable dependence they develop on it does nothing more than contribute to the increase in poverty at the national level. Faced with the possibility of subsisting without being part of society normally, assuming a job obligation and paying taxes, many people get used to their situation and do not make an effort to get ahead.
In the Dictionary of Social Work, Ezequiel Ander Egg offers a definition of welfarism in which he expresses that this form of help does not take into account Causes that generate the deficiency situations that it intends to solve. This explains very concisely one of the reasons for the aforementioned negative repercussions: if we do not attack the problem at its roots, then it is highly likely that it will not go away.
People in need are equal to those most favored, they have the same essence, they belong to the same species and that is why it is more constructive to expose them to all those resources with which they have not yet been found and to let them learn to use them themselves. build a better life. This does not mean denying them guidance, health care or decent housing until they can take flight, but giving them the tools so that they feel the genuine desire to support themselves on their own, just as sooner or later we decide to leave our parents to go our way.
Beyond the State, non-governmental organizations (NGO) also tend to develop welfare to improve the quality of life of the most disadvantaged sectors or of those affected by some type of catastrophe (for example, helping the victims of a flood).