It is known as waterlogging to the act and result of flooding or drowning. This verb, for its part, refers to filling, covering or filling with Water. A waterlogging, therefore, is a flood.
The concept is often used in reference to what happens when a body of water floods a place and prevents or makes it difficult to access it. Suppose that, in a town, it rains heavily for three consecutive days. These precipitations cause that a river that crosses the locality overflows, generating a flooding. The situation leads people to temporarily abandon their homes because the water covers the streets and enters the houses, putting all the inhabitants of the area at risk. village.
Waterlogging can also affect a path: a street, an avenue, a road or route, etc. A street of Earth, in the framework of a storm, it can become flooded and impede the circulation of vehicles.
Not all cities are prepared to face a phenomenon of this type, either due to the lack of responsibility on the part of local governments or because of the changes that the city has undergone. climate throughout the decades. Waterlogging and flooding in urban areas can cause great losses of money, as well as in the countryside, and that is why it is important to have drainage systems capable of clearing the roads in the most efficient way possible.
Although in colloquial language the notions of waterlogging and flooding are used synonymously, the geology distinguish between the two ideas. A waterlogging occurs when a land fails to drain the water and retains it. A flood, on the other hand, is due to an existing watercourse that overflows. Waterlogging, on the other hand, can also be caused by a groundwater rise (that is, by an increase in the water table).
It is known by the name of water table to the superior of a aquifer, that is to say, of a conduit or a layer in which a mass of underground water is housed, always under the earth’s surface. A precise example is the water table, an accumulation that is shallow (other aquifers can be found much further from the ground level).
In a countryside, waterlogging causes different damages to the soil. Among the most common consequences is the development of salinization and the lack of oxygen for the roots of the plants.
Salinization, for its part, is a process that can also take place as a consequence of human action, as occurs with some irrigation systems, and consists of the accumulation of you go out soluble in water in the soil. It can also occur after a flood from stream or river water, if the ground is flat and of low altitude. In this context, we speak of saline soil to refer to said excess of soluble salts, or of saline-sodium soil, since sodium chloride is the predominant salt in most cases.
It is worth mentioning that this process has very negative consequences for the economy based on agriculture, such as the loss of fertility of the ground, one of the biggest nightmares of those who live off the land. While there are ways to stop and reverse salinization, these are very expensive procedures, such as washings that achieve the leaching of salts (leaching consists of dissolving the soluble components through the use of a liquid solvent).
Another measure to combat salinization caused by soil waterlogging is the sudden change in the species that are cultivated, starting to plant some that support salinity.