The concept of predicate comes from praedicātum, a late Latin word. The term is used in the field of grammar to allude to the syntactic function that develops the verb phrase.
According to its characteristics, the predicate can be qualified as verbal predicate or nominal predicate. In the case of verbal predicate, it is the one that is made up of a non-copulative verb, which can appear alone or with accessories.
Before moving forward with the idea of verbal predicate, it is important to bear in mind that in grammatical sentences you can identify the subject and to predicate. The subject is the one who develops the action or from whom something is expressed; The predicate, meanwhile, is the fragment of the sentence that is responsible for the description of the action carried out by the subject or of what is expressed about the subject.
Returning to the notion of a verbal predicate, as we said above, it consists of a non-copulative verb. It is called verb phrase to the set of words whose nucleus is said verb.
Let’s look at a case. In the prayer “Juan plays soccer”, the subject is “Juan”, while the predicate is “play soccer”. Since the verb is “play” (not copulative), we are facing a verbal predicate.
Others examples: “Rafael Nadal won the US Open” (verbal predicate: “Won the US Open”), “My girlfriend and I will have dinner at a Mexican restaurant” (verbal predicate: “We will have dinner in a Mexican restaurant”), “My brother is talking on the phone” (verbal predicate: “is talking on the the phone”).