The value is a quality that gives things, events or people a estimate, either positive or negative. The axiology is the branch of the philosophy which is responsible for the study of nature and the essence of value.
For him objective idealism, the value is outside of the people; for him subjective idealismOn the other hand, value is found in consciousness (that is, in the subjectivity of the subjects who make use of value). For the philosophical current of materialism, the nature of value resides in the ability of the human being to value the world objectively.
Courage as a moral quality
In another sense, the values are moral characteristics inherent to the person, such as modesty, the responsibility, the piety and the solidarity. In ancient Greece, the concept of value was treated as something general and without divisions, but from the specialization of studies, different types of values have emerged and have been related to different disciplines and Sciences.
The values are also a set of examples that the society proposes in social relationships. Therefore, it is said that someone “Has values” when he establishes respectful relationships with others. Values are arguably higher-ranking beliefs, shared by a culture and arising from social consensus.
The theory of values implies the existence of a scale, which goes from the positive to the negative. The beauty, it Useful, it well and the just they are aspects considered valuable by society.
Equivalence between abstract entities
In the scientific field, where we find different areas, the concept of value is used in a generally exact way to refer to the equivalence of two abstract things. The simplest example is the amount, which we apply to material objects to count them and then we assign a number, a value, to store this information in our brain and be able to transmit it to another person without taking the objects.
Thanks to the use of numerical values, therefore, the human being is able to abstract various situations and share them with others through communication. If we tell a friend that “yesterday we saw three lizards in the garden,” he will associate this numerical value (“three”) with the quantity and will be able to imagine the painting even though it was not present.
We must remember, however, that all our discoveries and inventions are arbitrary and not absolute. This means that another species could create completely different sciences, theory and methods of understanding life that were not at all like ours, and could be much better. That is why the exact sciences are so difficult for most people to understand, because they are not natural nor have they been dictated by a divine entity, but arose from the reasoning of a number of people throughout history.
Computer science and the value of a variable
In computer programming, values are everything we assign to variables: among other possibilities, they are numbers, text strings, “true” or “false.” A variable It is a space in memory in which a type of data defined by the user can be stored, within the possibilities offered by the language; within the numeric ones, for example, there may be type byte, integer, floating point and double, each with a greater range than the previous one (the last two, on the other hand, accept decimal numbers).
Assigning a value of the wrong type to a variable can cause different problems, before and during execution. To a large extent, this depends on the degree of control exercised by the Program used for writing code: if you miss these errors, execution will be unpredictable.