tuna it is a term with several uses. It may be the gender of the plants whose scientific name is Opuntia, made up of some three hundred native species of America. Prickly pears can be found in the wild throughout the continent.
The Opuntia ficus-indica It is the most popular tuna, standing out for its fruit What are they groceries. With the fruits of the prickly pear, sweets, sauces and other preparations that have a high level of vitamins and minerals can be made. In some countries even the stems of the prickly pears are eaten.
The idea of tuna is also used to name a musical group made up of students. The members of the tunas usually wear old clothes and execute songs folkloric.
It is believed that the origin of these prickly pears dates back to thirteenth century, when groups of young people engaged in music with the aim of gathering the necessary resources to pay for their studies. Prickly pears are characterized by their funny and humorous themes: by extension, tuno or rogue is an adjective used to describe mischievous people.
Throughout the history, the tunas also became known for their itinerant nature. The students toured different regions carrying their art and cheering the public.
On Spain, the traditional tunas used instruments like the guitar, the double bass, the lute and the tambourine, among many others. The Portuguese tunas, for their part, also used to use the bandoneon, while in Mexico most of the tunas appealed to the accordion as a distinctive element of the region.
At present there are many faculties that have their tunas as a way of following that musical tradition. They also do so, arguing that they are a good way to promote values such as friendship, companionship, brotherhood or love for music.
However, it is no less true that prickly pears also have many detractors who dismiss them as being an archaic formation and even as initiatives that continue to bet on the “humiliation” of newcomers, who have to undergo the well-known hazing.
The clothing of every tuno consists mainly of the doublet, the pants, the shirt, the scholarship and the leggings. All this, of course, without forgetting the emblematic cape that is considered to be the one that protects him from the cold at night, the one that gives him the air of a gallant and the one that shows how much a traveler he is. And it is that the traditional thing is that in that garment it includes shields of the cities that it has visited.
Within the field of cinema we find a film that takes as its protagonist precisely these musical groups that concern us. It is the Spanish feature film “Tuno negro”, which premiered in 2001 under the direction of Vicente J. Martín and Pedro L. Barbero. It is a horror film that revolves around the figure of an unknown serial killer who dresses as a tuno to kill his victims, who are always the worst medical students at the University of Salamanca.