TubaThe tuba it’s a wind musical instrument that resembles the clarion (also called bugle). To produce the sound, the performer must blow through a nozzle of just over two centimeters to generate a stream of air.

Usually the tuba is made with brass. East instrument, which is usually refined in B flat, Eb, Do or Fa, it can have between two and six valves. The two-valve tubas are intended for those learning to play the instrument, while the more popular tubas have four valves.

It should be noted that the tuba can cover more than four octaves extension, and this makes it a highly versatile instrument. There are different kinds of tubas: for example, it is possible to distinguish between the tenor tuba, the french tuba and the contrabass tuba, among others.

The incorporation of the tuba to symphony orchestras is quite recent. It was not until the first decades of XIX century that began to be used, replacing the figle. On 1876, Richard Wagner devised a version de la tuba (known as Wagnerian tuba) for his opera “The Ring of the Nibelung”. The Wagnerian tuba, which has since been used in various plays, is a combination of the traditional tuba and of the horn.

One of the composers who wrote scores indicating the specific use of the Wagnerian tuba was Anton Bruckner, a prominent 19th century musician from Austria, for his symphonies 7, 8 and 9. There is a brass instrument called saxhorn or euphonium which is sometimes used to interpret the parts of the Wagnerian tuba; His plumbing is conical and his voice covers the range from baritone to tenor. Among the reasons for this replacement is the fact that its mouthpiece is horn, which makes its sound less penetrating and easier to produce.

TubaThe inspiration to create this peculiar instrument came to Wagner after a brief visit to a Parisian store, more than two decades before the design and manufacture of the first copy was finalized. The German composer was looking for an instrument with which to interpret a specific part of his opera The Ring of the Nibelung with a more gloomy tone than the trombone, but less incisive, something a French horn might achieve.

It was through a conical drill similar to that used to make a horn and a mouthpiece that was less wide than that of the trombone that he was able to obtain the effect he desired. In addition, it included valves rotaries that, in the same way as in the horn, must be played with the left hand.

It is possible to find two sizes of Wagnerian tuba, the bass tuba (tuned in F) and the tenor tuba (in B flat); its extensions are comparable to those of normal horns, although the quality of its top notes is not as good. With the arrival of the 20th century, some manufacturers began to combine both models in one that contains both tunings.

Regarding the location of the Wagnerian tuba in the orchestra, it is linked to the musician who must interpret it: if it is a horn player, then it is on the trumpets and under the horns; in other cases, it is common to be located on the common tuba (the so-called contrabass tuba) and under the trombones.

On Philippines, Tuba is the name of a municipality that belongs to the province of Benguet. It is also the name of the sap obtained from the coconut, which is used to make a liqueur after your distillation and a schnapps or a vinegar After his fermentation.