Job, from Latin officĭum, is a usual occupation wave profession of some mechanical art. The term is often used to refer to that exercise work that does not require formal studies.
For instance: “I am a painter, the same job that my father had”, “If you don’t want to go to university, at least learn a trade that allows you to earn money“, “Pablo has a black future ahead of him: without a trade or profession, he will never find a job”.
It is known by the name of divine office to the prayer performed by Christian priests, which is composed of different hymns, psalms and antiphons, among other parts, that form a structure well defined. Much of its content is taken from the Bible, so that through reading and studying believers communicate with God using their own words. This causes him to understand them while allowing them to get closer to his Mystery.
A trade is, on the other hand, a written communication which is usually linked to the affairs of public administrations. It’s about a document that allows to communicate provisions, open consultations or carry out different procedures.
The ministries of a government, Embassies, professional associations and unions are some of the institutions that appeal to the offices to issue certain communications.
A trade usually begins with a letterhead, information on the place and date, the numbering of the document, its addressee, the subject and the reference. Then the text or body of the letter appears, which will be the central part of the document and will include the message that motivates the communication.
Finally, the farewell, the signature and the post-signature (with the name and surname of the person signature, title and stamp).
It is possible to distinguish between different types of profession. A multiple occupation It is one that is addressed to more than one recipient, since it is intended to communicate the same text to different people or entities.
The transcription officeFinally, it is a trade that allows the issuance of resolutions, directives or circulars on the same trade.
The expression ex officio is used to rate a performance and it gives the meaning of diligence or procedure of a judicial or administrative nature that begins without the activity being necessary by the interested party, that is, it is not considered at the request of the party.
A typical ex officio action is one carried out by the police when an event that constitutes a crime comes to their attention and makes the decision to initiate a crime. investigation criminal. It can also occur when the public prosecutor or the judge initiate a summary, investigation or investigation process without there having been a complaint or a complaint. This belongs to the foundations of criminal procedural law.
Another relatively common case of ex officio action occurs when the judge demands a procedure, applies legal reasoning or suggests the use of evidence that has not been requested, invoked or provided by any of the parts. The law must regulate the possibility of this remedy and is usually different between civil and criminal law.
Among the most outstanding characteristics of an ex officio performance we can mention the following:
* it must be carried out by a public body;
* Said public body must carry it out without any party having previously requested it, and always staying within the field of its powers;
* in almost all cases, it is a power of this type of organisms, that is, they can not only make use of it but also have the obligation to do so.