In order to know the meaning of the term theoretical framework that now occupies us, it is necessary, first of all, to discover the etymological origin of the two words that give it shape:
-Marco must be stated that it derives from the German “mark”, which, in turn, comes from the Latin “margo, marginis”, which can be translated as “edge” or “margin”.
-Theoretical, on the other hand, comes from the Greek word “theorikos”. This is synonymous with “related to the idea” and is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language: the word “theoreo”, which means “I examine”, and the suffix “-ico”, which is used to indicate “relative to”.
To understand the notion of theoretical framework, it is useful to consider the two terms that make up the expression separately. Frame, among other meanings, refers to context or environment of something; the concept of theoretical, on the other hand, refers to what is linked to theory (a hypothesis, a knowledge that is considered beyond its application or a law that explains a series of phenomena).
It is called theoretical framework the set of considerations and antecedents that allow to support a analysis, a research project or a hypothetical statement. The theoretical framework, therefore, is the basis for reaching conclusions or interpreting a result.
It’s about a medium or a reference when developing a scientific study. Starting from a theoretical framework, a researcher can postulate various hypothesis or run tests that follow your guidelines.
The theoretical framework, in short, is the central column of a investigation. It includes the review of the research on the subject that was carried out previously and the theoretical considerations that are taken into account in the new work. That is why it works as a guide and serves as an orientation.
Other data of interest on the aforementioned theoretical framework are the following:
-In it, both the primary and secondary sources that come to exercise as pillars of the research or study that have been carried out must be identified.
-Among the functions of the aforementioned framework are to act as an integrator of what the entire investigation process is, as well as to publicize the problems that arose in it and even give meaning to the facts.
In order to develop an adequate theoretical framework, it is necessary to follow these steps:
-The first thing is to establish its structure, which must be formed by the background of the investigation, the theoretical bases and the conceptual bases.
-Then you have to consult all the bibliography that is available, you have to analyze it exhaustively and finally you have to take the notes that are considered appropriate.
– It is necessary to write the exposition of the theory and the interpretation of the problem in question.
Take the case of a biologist who intends to carry out a study on the impact of pollution in a Beach to propose various measures to help minimize the problem. Its theoretical framework includes previous research on the consequences of the involuntary intake of waste by marine animals and the effect of plastic waste in the ocean, as well as sociological and anthropological texts focused on the relationship between humans and coastal ecosystems.