It is known as theodicy to the area of the philosophy who is dedicated to study God beyond religious faith. The term comes from the Greek language, forming with the words theos (which can be translated as “God”) Y say (“Justice”).
Theodicy, in this framework, sets aside beliefs to analyze the existence of God rationally. As the etymology of the concept suggests, the purpose is justify with arguments that God exists.
The origin of theodicy is located in 1710, when the German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz published the book “Essay of theodicy. About the goodness of God, the freedom of man and the origin of evil “. In this construction site, Leibniz points to the justification of divine goodness and the existence of evil, showing that there is no contradiction in the simultaneity of both.
From test of Leibniz, the notion of theodicy began to be used to refer to the rational justification of God. Theodicy is also associated with rational theology or natural theology, which looks for evidence of the presence of God without appealing to supernatural manifestations.
Another way of understanding theodicy is as science of God. This discipline does not resort to revealed truths, but to reasoning.
Theodicy draws on other branches of philosophy to prove that God it exists, accepting that it is possible to know what transcends immediate experience and the senses. Admitting the existence of God, theodicy is in charge of the investigation of its attributes and his nature.