For the medicine, the prevention consists of the development of actions that allow prevent or reduce the impact of a disease. It is possible to differentiate between various classes of prevention according to their characteristics.
It is called tertiary prevention to the one that points to postpone or minimize the aftermath and effects of a disease that an individual has already contracted. These initiatives seek that the subject reaches a better life quality.
The different types of prevention are structured or organized according to the degree of progress of the disorder. The initial stage is the Primary prevention, addressed to a healthy person with the intention of making it impossible to acquire a disease. Then the secondary prevention, designed to detect the disease at an early stage to allow an immediate approach.
The third instance is the tertiary prevention, which focuses on the treatment and in the rehabilitation. As can be seen, at this time the patient already has the disease in an advanced state, so the ideal is not to have to reach this phase. Finally, many specialists also refer to the quaternary prevention, linked to relapses.
In short, tertiary prevention has the purpose of reducing and restricting disabilities and disorders that erupt and become more pronounced as a disease worsens.
A example tertiary prevention are the activities indicated by a doctor to a patient who suffered a stroke or a acute myocardial infarction. In these cases, the problem has already occurred and the expert must try to get the person to recover, as far as possible, their life prior to the incident.